Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1095) BUILDING AND ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING
096593 - HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE
The course aims to give a broad understanding of History of Architecture, through the ages and cultures. It is going to provide a general background on Western architecture, as well as exploring non-Western realities, in particular analyzing the hybridization processes that occurred between the two.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The course will provide a methodology to analyse different contexts, going beyond the orientalist perspective. The students will be expected to better understand the complexity of the picture of translation processes in the field of architecture and, in particular, a deep understanding of architecture as a mirror of intricate cultural, social and political issues. The aim is to improve the student’s capability of understanding the wide contemporary architectural framework using history as a tool, and to develop the student’s critical thinking towards different architectural models and their sensitivity towards the subject of “copies and originals”.
The course will give an overview on general issues related to translations of models, migrations of styles and transformation of copies in the field of architecture over time – exchanges in the ancient times, such as between the Greeks and the Romans, colonization processes and globalization. The focus of the course will be on a comparison between Western and non-Western realities, analysing connections and transversal networks. The objective is to do a thorough comparative study on how different architectures have been conceptualized and designed, giving a sense of cultural influences and political linkages. In particular, the course is interested in presenting “architecture in translation,” i.e. the way architectural elements/models migrated, been replicated and transformed by the impact of local cultural influences. Direct or indirect forms of colonialism have been linked to the copying process, and the aim is to develop an understanding of these subtle, not always evident, forms of cultural transfer and imposition. Translation and transformation of models will definitely be one of the key lens through which we’ll analyse history of architecture. Between non-western and western realities there has always been a very intense exchange, in terms of commercial trade, political relations or admiration values. Architectural ideas and models had always migrated from one place to another, in direct and/or indirect ways. In fact, surprisingly, in non-Western contexts, architectural models have not always been completely detached from the Western World; sometimes, for different reasons, our own models had been exported, imposed or adopted. Moreover, what we address as “Western culture” is the actual result of intense interactions between different cultures, sometimes including non-western cultures.
Modalità di valutazione
The exam will be oral and consists in specific questions finalized to evaluate the student’s understanding of the course’s topics, treated through the student’s assignment, the lectures in class and by the given selected bibliography. Students will be given an assignment, they will be asked to collect documents and analyse specific Western or non-Western case studies.