051728 - HISTORY AND THEORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
051728 - HISTORY AND THEORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
The course aims to deepen the problems related to the history of architecture and the city - and their theories - from the second post-war to the first decade of the 21st century. The course intends to focus on the most significant authors, works and urban contexts of Western (European and American) and Eastern (Asian) cultures, reaching the narrowest contemporary. During the lessons will be presented the methodologies of reading the architectural work and the urban design, highlighting the plurality of interpretations and the mutation of the relationships and perspectives set up in the contemporary period between the project and history, architecture and transformation of the city. The aim is to start the student in critical reading of the architectures and texts, in relation to the main interpretive schools and the framing of the main developments in the history of architecture.
The course is divided into ex cathedra lessons, exercises, visits, possible tests in the itinerary. In terms of competences, the expected results of the course consist first of all in learning and knowledge of the history of contemporary architecture, particularly in its latest developments, from the Second World War to the present, including the most significant theories connected to it. In terms of capacity, instead, the course intends to activate the student with a critical awareness capable of producing a stand-alone judgment of authors, works, urban contexts, architecture theories and historical methodologies.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
According to the Dublin Descriptors (DdD), passing the exam certifies the acquisition of the following results:
DdD 1 knowledge and understanding
- knowledge and understanding of the most relevant aspects of the cultural debate and of contemporary architectural production.
DdD 2 ability to apply knowledge and understanding
- ability of interpretation and historical-critical reading of the architectural project and the cultural phenomena of contemporaneity.
DdD 3 (autonomy of judgment), 4 (communication skills) and 5 (learning ability)
- ability to communicate the issues of contemporary architecture in a clear and autonomous way of judgment (DdD 3 and 4).
The course addresses some of the seminal experiences and concepts that marked post-war architectural history and theory, analyzing them in a wider interpretative frame that pays a particular attention to the relations with the intellectual, social, urban, political, artistic and technological discourse over the period. The course seeks to give students an opportunity to gain both a broad general background in architectural history and a specialized knowledge on the aims and methods of the various positions of architectural thinking. It aims at equipping them with a set of interpretative tools to develop a critical reflection of the social and cultural implications of architecture, also in order to understand the relations between practice and a historical perspective.
Weekly lectures would provide the core of the course. The lessons will be organized following both a thematic and a chronological frame and will include a number of talks by scholars invited to present and discuss their recent researches in the field. The lessons will address a set of theoretical lenses through which architecture and urbanism have developed over the second half of the century.
The course will places the architectural magazine in the center of the debate, in order to understand the place that such “paper projects” and "printed objects" occupy in the definition of the architectural discourse — in its conceptual, theoretical, graphic, material dimensions. The aim is to reflect on the culture of architectural periodical press in a geographical and chronologically extended context, crossing perspectives from different disciplinary traditions and geographies.
As part of their course requirements, students will be asked to conduct a research work and write a final paper. The work will stem from the contents of the lectures and will provide the students with the opportunity to analyze and to "map" some of the most relevant chapters of the post-war architectural discourse, focusing on specialized press as the place of the elaboration and the platform for the dissemination of models, discourses and imageries.
The work will be conducted through a close observation of a number of architectural magazines, with the aim of investigating the forms of the debate and the recurrent terms, figures and notions that stand so near to the center of architectural thought in specific moments. The research work is aimed at providing students with the opportunity to practice the research methods and the critical and analytical tools of the historical research, taking periodicals as sources and objects of inquiry able to reconfigure the theoretical, technical, disciplinary and discursive frames and to identify their protagonist.
The course will also deal with technologies, tools and forms of visualization typical of the digital humanities, as well as with methodologies and approaches of cross-cultural and transnational studies. Addressing magazines and specialized press as vehicles of the cultural transfer, the course intends to explore and "map" the international circulation and fortune of projects, authors, models, ideas and discourses over the second half of the century.
General bibliographical references will be suggested at the beginning of the course, while a specific bibliography will be provided for each of the lesson.A good preliminary knowledge of the history of 20th century architecture and urbanism is strongly recommended.
Modalità di valutazione
The research essay and a written test will constitute the major components of the students’ overall final grade.
The written test will be framed through open questions and will address the topics of the weekly lectures
The research work will be carried out by students in groups of five components, following the guidelines and respecting the deadlines provided by the professor at the beginning of the course. The groups will be asked to submit a final version of the research essay and to present and discuss through public presentations the main contents and outcomes of the research conducted over the four months.
The first month will be dedicated to the selection of the case studies. Students will be expected to periodically discuss the research work with the professor and with a number of external scholars who will be invited as discussants.
Students who will not attend the lessons will be asked to submit the research essay at the end of the course and to come for the two mandatory presentations scheduled during the four months. For the final oral exam, they will be asked to work on the materials provided by the professor and related to the series of lectures, as well as on the sources included in the bibliography.
Joan Ockam and Edward Eigen, Architecture Culture, 1943-1968: a documentary anthology, Editore: Columbia Books of Architecture/Rizzoli, Anno edizione: 1993
Adrian Forty, Words and Buildings: A Vocabulary of Modern Architecture, Editore: Thames & Hudson, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 978-0500284704
Jean-Lousi Cohen, The Future of Architecture Since 1889. A worldwide history, Editore: Phaidon, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 9780714845982
H. F. MALLGRAVE, Modern Architectural Theory. A historical survey, Editore: Cambridge University Press, Anno edizione: 2005
T. Scmiedeknecht, A. Peckham (eds.), Modernism and the Professional Architectural Journal. Reporting, Editing and Reconstructing in Post-war Europe, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2018, ISBN: 978-1-138-94516-6
Colomina B., Lahuerta J.J. (eds.),, Architectural magazines (1900-1975), chronicles, manifestos, propaganda, Editore: T6 Ediciones, Anno edizione: 2012, ISBN: 9788492409396
Helene Janniere, Alexis Sornin (eds), Architectural periodicals in the 1960s and 1970s: Towards a Factual, Intellectual and Material History, Editore: IRHA, Anno edizione: 2008
H.F. Mallgrave, C. Contandriopoulos, Architectural Theory, vol. 2: An anthology from 1871-2005, Editore: Blackwell, Anno edizione: 2008
Manfredo Tafuri, Theories and History of Architecture, Editore: Icon, Anno edizione: 1981, ISBN: 978-0064301084
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese