L'insegnamento prevede 2.0 CFU erogati con Didattica Innovativa come segue:
Cotutela con mondo esterno
Blended Learning & Flipped Classroom
Corso di Studi
Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - PC (1085) SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN - ARCHITETTURA SOSTENIBILE E PROGETTO DEL PAESAGGIO
053250 - URBAN AND LANDSCAPE REGENERATION STUDIO
The URBAN AND LANDSCAPE REGENERATION STUDIO is aimed at experimenting at different scales (from environment to building) an approach to urban regeneration design based on the principles of sustainability, focusing on the use of renewable energy and in general promoting a sensible use of social, cultural and material resources. The three integrated teaching modules of Environmental Technology, General Ecology and Landscape as Heritage will develop some key issues in the field of conservation and sustainability relate to each other in the context of historic sites, testing environmental design tools in relation to the ecological approach.
shared supervision between Politecnico and public institution or innovative companies / start-up from Piacenza.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The general aim of the Studio is providing the ability to implement appropriate environmental and technological design strategies in relation to a given problem of design and construction, as well as the ability to assess the degree of compliance of design and technical solutions, with a strong accent on key requirements such as sustainability and resilience, comfort and delight.
More specifically students will acquire
- tools to promote a design approach focused on the relationships between the buildings, the people living and acting inside and around them, the multi-faceted qualities of the physical environment;
- understanding of the relationship between environment, technology and design, the knowledge of the existing connections between the design phase, the construction process and material/energy exchanges with the environment along the life cycle of buildings and infrastructures;
- capability of making design choices according to the environmental, economic and social context, providing effective solutions focused on the sustainability of the entire building process, in a life-cycle perspective;
- awareness in proposing design methods and approaches capable to support the ecological transition in a climate change perspective.
The general aim of the studio is to provide the ability to implement appropriate environmental and technological design strategies in relation to a given problem of design and construction, on a site characterized by both urban decay and presence of historical heritage, as well as the ability to assess the degree of compliance of design and technical solutions with key requirements, such as comfort, safety, durability, sustainability and resilience.
Specific topics include:
- relationships linking environment, technology, history, culture and design, starting from the theoretical and practical knowledge of the existing connections between the design phase, the construction process and material/energy exchanges with the environment along the life cycle of buildings and infrastructures;
- developing design choices in coherence with the environmental, economic and social context, providing effective solutions aimed at the enhancement of his cultural values and the sustainability of the entire building process, in a life-cycle perspective;
- design methods and approaches able to support the ecological transition in a climate change perspective and meet the Sustainable Development Goals as defined by the UN (www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals), with particular reference to the objectives 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable; 13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
- methodological approaches in the delicate context of settlements in urban, peri-urban and rural areas, understanding their interactions with the built and natural environment, as well as the historical characters of the urban/rural landscape;
- strategies for environmental and urban regeneration, resilience-based design solutions, building reuse and public space redevelopment, rehabilitation and enhancement of the rural heritage.
The proposed design method is process-oriented and focuses on sequential and iterative steps bringing to projects’ implementation through a multi-disciplinary and multi-scale approach. The Climate-resilient design approach will be integrated with the past and present landscape analysis, in order to revitalize the cultural identity of this area and improve the landscape quality.
 Climate Analysis Mapping will provide a critical first step in identifying urban zones subject to the greatest impacts associated with rising temperatures, increasing precipitation and extreme weather events, providing downscaled climate projections as preliminary information to orient evidence-based design guidelines. Parametric 3D modelling tools (Rhinoceros, Grasshopper) allow to refine morphological approaches to urban microclimate and sustainability outcomes, providing further information about occurrence and frequency of air masses exchange, thermal and air quality effects of urban climate (stress areas, insolation rates, shading conditions), buildings-open spaces energy exchange optimization.
Alongside with the climate mapping, at territorial scale, the historical analysis provides the comprehension of landscape evolution, the adaptation of the human settlements to the nature conditions over the time. Recognize the tangible permanencies can help to anchor the design to the legacy of the past and reinforce and/or create the local identity.
 Site surveys and Public Space Evaluation allow to couple urban climate considerations with insights about needs and expectations of local communities, whose priorities in terms of urban regeneration and building/open spaces retrofitting are often more related to a general improvement of housing and public services, to increase neighbourhood liveability, sustainable mobility and social inclusion. Existing issues such as mono-functional residential areas, interchange parking lots, playgrounds for children, green areas, pedestrian routes and cycling paths can be conveniently integrated in the design proposals to balance climate and community resilience instances. Site survey will be also targeted to perceive the landscape feeling and can be transferred by a sensorial landscape analysis (smell, sound and view); the inhabitants interview can provide the understanding of the landscape evolution and the will for the future landscape and can be translated in the social landscape perception analysis.
 Planning and Design Intervention phase is grounded on a critical review of the collected information to identify the relevant synergies and trade-offs in relation to the planned initiatives in the areas, as envisaged by local authorities in the mid- to long-term. Zoning regulations and building codes frame the boundaries of the design and technical options to be assessed, and the most appropriate strategies targeted for future development. Recurring design topics include: technological and energy retrofitting of buildings (envelope and HVAC systems) to achieve NZEB targets; reduction of urban heat islands through reflecting surfaces and building / urban greening solutions; optimization of urban ventilation via air exchange and wind corridors through variation of building density and mass; regulation of surface run-off through sustainable urban drainage systems.
The proposals at territorial scale should consider the enhancement of historical and present food supply chain and their physical and symbolic connections (tangible and intangible) with the local heritage. The solutions proposed at neighbourhood scale should improve the landscape quality of open and green spaces, and include solution of productive landscape as suggested by the urban agriculture activities.
 Post-Intervention Evaluation is intended as a sequence of activities aimed at assessing the benefits of the proposed solutions in terms of microclimatic, energy and environmental performance, as well as of compliance with community priorities. The evaluation of design solutions is carried out through parametric 3D modelling tools that can simulate climate, energy and environmental behaviour at building and neighbourhood scale.
This phase is also accompanied by the identification of the management roles: who is taking care of the maintenance, when and how.
The educational structure will provide learning activities configured through:
lectures and seminars held by the professors, also with the contribution of external speakers;
tutoring in the classroom, also with the co-presence of the three professors, and with the support of assistants;
development of the design work, following the steps suggested by the professors and taking part to the milestones/submissions programmed to verify the design progress at the different scales and in the various phases of the process;
extra classroom activities for study and research (research on case studies, deepening the bibliographical references, visiting the site area, etc.).
Attendance at educational activities is mandatory (in accordance with the regulation of Politecnico di Milano).
No specific requirements are set, but it is highly advisable the knowledge of the following tools:
- ArchGIS / QGIS
- Rhinoceros + Grasshopper (in particular Ladybug and Honeybee plugins)
- Autodesk Ecotect
Modalità di valutazione
The evaluation of students is individual and will take into account the quality of the final exam as well as the progress of work during the various steps of the Studio, the quality of presence in the class and the contribution to the design team.
The final exam is individual and oral. It will start with the presentation of the project, discussed in relation to the theoretical and practical subjects of the Studio. After the presentation each student will answer to specific questions about the theoretical contents of the three modules of the Studio, starting from the knowledge of the reference bibliography.
Raven, J., Stone, B., Mills, G., Towers, J., Katzschner, L., Leone, M., Gaborit, P., Georgescu, M., and Hariri, M., "Urban Planning and Urban Design". In C. Rosenzweig, W. Solecki, P. Romero-Lankao, S. Mehrotra, S. Dhakal, and S. Ali Ibrahim (eds.), Climate Change and Cities: Second Assessment Report of the Urban Climate Change Research Network. , Editore: Cambridge University Press, New York, Anno edizione: 2018, ISBN: 9781316603338
Lohrberg F., Licka L., Scazzosi L., Timpe A. (Eds.), Urban Agriculture Europe, Editore: Jovis
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Global Biodiversity Outlook 4, Anno edizione: 2014
Council of Europe, European landscape convention, Anno edizione: 2000
WWF, Living Planet Report 2016. Risk and resilience in a new era, Editore: WWF International, Anno edizione: 2016
Scazzosi, L., Reading the landscape. International comparisons, Editore: Gangemi, Anno edizione: 2002
Pickett S.T.A. et al., Urban ecological systems: Scientific foundations and a decade of progress. Journal of Environmental Management 92:331-362, Anno edizione: 2011
Hoekstra A.Y., Mekonnen M.M., The water footprint of humanity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - PNAS, 109(9): 3232-3237, Anno edizione: 2012
Techne 4 "Social Housing", Editore: Firenze University Press, Anno edizione: 2012 http://www.fupress.net/index.php/techne/issue/view/864Techne 5 "Environment emergency" , Editore: Firenze University Press, Anno edizione: 2013 http://www.fupress.net/index.php/techne/issue/view/939Techne 10 "Urban regeneration", Editore: Firenze University Press, Anno edizione: 2015 http://www.fupress.net/index.php/techne/issue/view/1217Techne 15 "Architectural Resilience", Editore: Firenze University Press, Anno edizione: 2018 http://www.fupress.net/index.php/techne/issue/view/1484
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