ENVIRONMENTAL TECNOLOGY DESIGN THEMATIC STUDIO
Water for the regeneration of the built environment
The TEMATIC STUDIO Design with water for the regeneration of the built environment assumes the built environment as the specific, co-evolutionary ecological system of human species. Humans build up their own settlements over a long time span by modifying and adapting their habitat according to their own needs. To this effect, they shape the landscape throughout a continuous, more and more powerful process running together with human societies over time. The Studio thus focuses on enhancing the students’ environmental awareness, analytical capability and environmental design skills related to regeneration projects where water is a major drive of the urban/suburban landscape. It focuses on bio-climatic architectureand adaptive re-use. Bio-climatic architecture relies to climatic conditions to achieve indoor and outdoor comfort, minimizing dependence on mechanical systems; adaptive re-use aims to make the most of the existent built resources, carefully understanding and appraising their potential to be adapted to new uses. This approach attributes an essential role to issues such as rainwater conservation, waste-water treatment and recycling, water consumption reduction, air conditioning and cooling, flood protection, as well as to the use of water to provide delight, comfort and well-being in the human-made environment. All water related issues at different space and time scales are presented using a problem-solving approach that merges physical knowledge of underlying processes with current technology to accomplish sustainable hydrologic landscapes.
The Studio aims at providing a deep understanding of the relationships between environmental issues and design decisions, mainly focusing on the connections between the material/energy exchanges with the environment and comfort and health performances of a place.
Major outcomes deal with the ability to implement appropriate design strategies in relation to regeneration projects under water driven opportunities and constraints (hydrologic landscape, waterfront, storm and flood risk, land reclamation, adaptation to climate change, ...) with an emphasis on key requirements such as resilience, comfort and delight.
Specific objectives include:
- promoting a design approach focused on the relationships between the buildings, the people living and acting inside and around them, the multi-faceted qualities of the physical environment;
- promoting a deep understanding of the relationship between environment, technology and design, the knowledge of the deep connections and effects between design decisions and material/energy exchanges with the environment, thus deeply affecting human life;
- promoting the ability of decision-making to select among design alternatives according to the environmental, economic and social context, providing effective solutions focused on sustainability of the entire building process, under a life-cycle perspective;
- proposing approaches capable to support the ecological transition under a climate change perspective.
The two modules will continuously relate in the studio work to provide integrated environmental design schemes. Main specific topics will be:
Technological andEnvironmental design:
- performance appraisal of the built environment: open urban spaces and existent buildings as an actual resource embodying many different values;
- appraisal of the environmental quality of the morphological characters of the built environment (intermediate spaces, arcades, shade and sunlight, greenery, shading devices, natural ventilation and lighting) and of the “naturally” well-tempered architecture;
- performance-based evaluation tools for environmental delight and well-being in open and public space.
Water systems analysis and design:
- water resources challenges at different spatial and temporal scales: water and food, water and energy, water and climate, water and the city (this including analysis, assessment and mitigation of flood risk in urban areas)
- sustainable urban hydrology: water cycle at the municipal scale, water supply and distribution, stormwater removal , SuDs and Green Roofs, green infrastructures in parks.
Lechner, Norbert, Heating, Cooling, Lighting - Sustainable Design Methods for Architects, Editore: Wiley, Anno edizione: 2015
Olgyay V., Design with Climate. Bioclimatic approach to architectural regionalism, Editore: Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, Anno edizione: 1963-2015, ISBN: 978-0-691-16973-6
McHarg I.L.,Design With Nature, Wiley and Sons, 1967-1992, ISBN 0-471-55797-8
Los, S., Geografia dell’architettura – Progettazione bioclimatica e disegno architettonico(English selected chapter will be provided) – Editore: Il Poligrafo, Anno edizione: 2013, ISBN:978-88-7115-816-7
Rosso, R., Bombe d'acqua. Alluvioni d'Italia dall'unità al terzo millennio, Marsilio, Venezia, 2017. ISBN: 978-88-317-2683-2.
Salvadori, G., De Michele, C., Kottegoda, N.T. & R. Rosso, Extremes in nature. An approach using copulas, Springer, New York, 294p., 2007. CHAPTER 1. ISBN: 9781402044144
Lamera, C., Becciu, G., Rulli, M.C. & R. Rosso, Green Roofs Effects on the Urban Water Cycle Components, Procedia Engineering, Vol.70: p.988-997, 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.02.110
Bignami, D.F., M.C.Rulli & R. Rosso, Testing the use of reimbursement data to obtain damage curves in urbanised areas: the case of the Piedmont flood on October 2000, Journal of Flood Risk Management, Vo.11: S575-S593, 2018 DOI: 10.1111/jfr3.12292.