The purpose of the Studio is to understand and know the phases necessary for the design of the existing building conservation project, the principles and best practices that are indispensable in the historical construction and essential for the graduation of architecture graduates. In addition to the creation of thematic maps concerning historical constructive techniques, forms of degradation or manifest or latent disruption with the study of the causes - for which the development of the survey is necessary - analyzes useful techniques for the diachronic reading of buildings, transferring the awareness of the role of the historical survey within the conservation process. Following the indispensable analysis phase to make informed and consistent choices, the student develops the artifacts conservation project by analyzing - among others - the requirements of efficacy, compatibility, durability, reversibility ... and sets the project for a possible new compatibility, considering the necessary adjustments to changing needs. Attention is also drawn to the drafting of the technical documents accompanying it, to the legislative framework within which it is built and to the connection between theoretical aspects and practical activity.
The purpose of the Laboratory is to make the student aware of the features and problems that the intervention on the built presents, in relation to its historical and cultural significance and at the same time as a resource for contemporary use. Therefore, besides ex cathedra lessons, he/she expects practical lessons on the concrete case studies to be "taught by doing" with the aim of implementing critical skills and operational tools that stimulate the care process to the built environment.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
According to the Dublin Descriptors (DdD), passing the exam certifies the acquisition of the following results:
DdD 2 ability to apply knowledge and understanding
- ability to analyze the constructive and material characteristics of the historical building, to recognize the construction techniques, the structural elements and their respective functions, the materials and their physical and mechanical characteristics, the possible state of structural deterioration, the behavioural characteristics in relation to climatic and microclimatic issues;
- ability to develop projects for the conservation, restoration, recovery, reuse of architectural artefacts and the ability to manage transformations over time.
DdD 3 (autonomy of judgment), 4 (communication skills) and 5 (learning ability)
- ability to operate and communicate independently the design choices made (DdD 3, 4 and 5).
PDF file with the Studio presentation: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1lCRWnEocAVVJ6c3L5SIjZDFTaYY1DsUN
The Architectural Preservation Studio is about the conservation of XXth century architectural heritage. The topic 2018/19 is the conservation of modernist train stations from the Thirties. Those beautiful functional buildings are facing a lot of transformations, and threats, due to new rules and new needs: accessibility, safety, services,… usually not considering their high historical value. The case-study is Roberto Narducci’s work, an astonishing and exemplary designer of train stations and public buildings, together with Angiolo Mazzoni, both civil servants for the Ministry of Communications of Italy, at that time. In the first part of the semester the students will work on desk research about architectural history, modernity and construction and on direct observation, survey and analyses of all the tangible and intangible features of the selected case study. In the second part of the semester we will deal with the strengths and the weaknesses of the case study, with the problems that affect its conservation. Using the conceptual and operational tools learned during the lessons and during the discussions dedicated to the study of conservation theories and the comprehension of the theoretical positions in the current debate on preservation, every group of students will be able to develop and apply a coherent strategy of intervention to a comprehensive conservation project, addressing the possible conservation and evolution of XXth century heritage. The students will also get the contribution of the module of “Architectural Analysis and Representation”. In "Architectural Analysis and Representation" the student will learn theory and practice of architectural survey and representation methods. The aim is giving to the students advanced concepts about Representation’s Method as a critical tool for comprehension of the reality and develpoment of a conservation project. The Studio will provide:
- the logic of a design method capable of achieving a balance between conscious new needs and the reality of the signs that are layered history and identity of the object;
- the logic of permanence and change that every project involves: completeness / fragmentation, authentic / original selection / stratification, new / old;
- the methodological tools for re-thinking and a problem-solving approach (rather than pre-fab technical solutions);
- the tools to develop and prepare technical drawings and technical papers of a conservation project;
-the logic to form a critical awareness of the architectural survey, both for its correct evaluation and a possible future commission
Modalità di valutazione
We apply the flipped-classrom method: you read and study at home and you discuss the text in classroom. The didactical method is very similar to the real design process: drawing alone, discussing together during the revisions. The basic bibliography will be focused and implemented during the semester highlighting the essays that we will discuss in classroom. Studying the texts is essential for developing the project as an informed and intelligent design proposal. The connection between bibliography and project will be part of your evaluation. The project will be developed in small groups (about 5 people). During the semester we’ll have several reviews group by group. At the end of the semester you’ll deliver a book on the case study (contents: historical context, survey, analysis, design proposals).
The final exam is single (one by one) and is based:
• on the case study book, evaluated for the quality of the final project, the communication skills and the individual participation.
• on individual oral examination, with questions of a theoretical nature on the course, mainly on conservation theories and questions aimed at highlight the student's ability to elaborate links between the various topics of the course and with previous courses.
• on the results of the test, carried out during the semester, on the subjects of survey and representation
Benjamin Walter, The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Editore: Penguin, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 978-0141036199 Note:
orig. ed. 1936
Sontag Susan, On Photography, Editore: Penguin, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 978-0141035789 Note:
orig. ed. 1977 - also available on line
Berman Marshall, All that is Solid Melts into Air, Editore: Penguin, Anno edizione: 1988 Note:
available also on-line
Canziani Andrea, Planned Conservation of XX Century Architectural Heritage, Editore: Electa, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 9788837073848 Note:
Note: Read: Canziani Andrea, On the edge of modern heritage conservation, pp. 38-47
van den Heuvel Dirk, et-al., The Challenge of Change. Dealing with the Legacy of the Modern Movement. [Proceedings of the 10th International Docomomo Conference 2008] , Editore: IOS Press, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 9781586039172 Note:
Read: Vanlaethem France, Poisson Cèline, Questioning Material/Conceptual Authenticity, pp.127-130.