AMA-ARCHITECTURE [QUALITY] MATTERS 2019
Architecture of Interiors – Design Studio 1
Proff. Gennaro Postiglione (Interiors), Fabrizio Leonforte (Building Physics)
PDF file withthe Design Studio presentation (UPDATED 180913):
THE "5 CONDITIONS" OF [MY] ARCHITECTURE OF INTERIORS
The 5 Crucial Words for an Architecture of Interiors Manifesto - meant as a process-based discipline and not a typlological one - are: HERE/THERE; GESTURE; TRACE; DEVICE/AFFORDANCE; CLOSE-UP and they represent an emancipation of a previous set: INSIDE/OUT-SIDE; HUMAN DIMENSION; GIVEN ROOM; FURNITURE; DECORATION.
The shift allows to re-think the Typological Conditions into a Processual dimension, focusing not on the object but on the activity, on the process connected in performing each specific recognized activity. By doing this, we emancipate the Interiors monological discourse – as other disciplines have done during the last 20 years – to move towards more a dynamic and processual interpretation, casting new light and opening new horizons to INTERIORS work and understanding!
Freed from the obsession for authenticity, and from the utopia of a ‘return to the roots’, driven by a healthy will to research, read and understand existing spaces as they are (with their imperfection, with their history of transformations and transitions), Italian architects of the second generation of Modern Movement managed to combine the attention for the context without giving up that necessary productive attitude that should sustain every project. To these architects and to the ones that successfully followed their path – in Italy as abroad - we should look at.
The work as text, the space as place for gesture, the project as ‘re-writing’ and 'search for hospitality' are then the fundamental elements of a new idea of Architecture of Interiors, a praxis that expresses itself through a conscious manipulation of the existing that is continuously transformed and whose identity is kept while its authenticity is disintegrated.
PREVIOUS STUDIOS & DIPLOMA WORKS
THEME AND TOPICS
The Architecture of Interiors Design Studio is inspired by the ever-increasing number of studies that in Italy and Europe are concerned with the need for an opportunity to intervene on the vast residential property built after WWII and, in particular, on the Social Housing building stock that constitutes for many Countries the most substantial part.
These settlements have been affected - not only in Italy - by the consequences of housing policies and intervention strategies conditioned by the pressing housing crisis and the size of the social housing demand that accompanied the post-war reconstruction. The large high-rise residential complexes that in many cases characterize these areas, which are now often embedded in urban city matrix, are subject to a high degree of social degradation as well as technical and functional (abstract Ricerca PRIN 08 “Edilizia Sociale ad alta densità / High density Social Housing”).
Moreover, as Ernesto Antonini, Jacopo Gaspari, Giulia Olivieri have pointed out in their paper “Densifying to upgrading: strategies for improving the social hosing built stock in Italy” (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13128/Techne-11531), the world economic crisis has further depressed – not only in Italy - the production of social housing but it dramatically increased the demand of affordable rental dwellings. A refurbishment and retrofitting campaign of the social housing stock appears to be as a credible and effective strategy, able to be applied in the short term to bring this gap.
Number of studies carried out on the affordable housing in use allow to identify three main targets for retrofitting strategies, focusing on the combined reduction of operation & management costs, improvement of the building capacity to meet the user needs and increasing of the exploitation ratio of the assets:
– adapting in size and equipment the apartments to the emerging demand trends, pushed by two social trends: the fast increasing of households of one or two persons (typical Italian and European) and whose of five and more (mainly people from extra-EU countries), in spite of the middle size flats that still represent more than half of the social housing offer [the Design Studio adds a third phenomenon typical of metropolitan areas: the request of “Temporary Social Housing” for families and people in temporary need];
– improving functionality and usability performances of the buildings – such as seismic safety, energy efficiency, comfort – focusing also on the significant reduction of operating costs which are often obtainable in parallel;
– intensifying the utilization ratio of the built estate and increasing the settlement density, by the addition of new volumes intended to enlarge the available social housing offer.
1. Exploration and mapping of places, practices, policies and options at work: best practices in Italy and in other contexts will be considered and reviewed;
2. The Case-study-project will be assigned and explored in the light of previous research;
3. Proposals of new scenarios and visions imagined as upgrading and reshaping of existing Housing will be elaborated keeping together technical requirements, social needs and architectural quality.
An introductory set of lectures and of complementary activities such as field visits will be relevant supports to the work and a reading list will be available to provide references, even – as in the current practice – the best and updated references must be provided by students themselves exploring the field of investigation assigned.
Due the central role of Energy Efficiency and Sustainability because the high degree of technical and functional degradation, the Building Physics contribute is organized in the following teaching modules:
- Introduction to Energy and Environment conscious design methods in the contest of strong sustainability;
- energy balance tools in design process: dynamic simulations software;
- thermal comfort and visual comfort in architecture: the role of orientation, shape, structure, envelope and openings to achieve comfort in buildings;
- strategies to enhance natural ventilation;
- renewable energy systems.
All the gathered knowledge (initial Case Study research and Building Physics lectures) will be used to implement specific Design Proposals that must take into account both qualitative and quantitative factors, combing retro-fitting interventions with interior and exterior upgrading, according the above mentioned three main project goals:
- upgrading apartment typologies and lay-outs
- improving energy efficiency
- implementing building volume
With the difficult challenge – and sometime even apparently impossible – not to reduce Architecture to the mere satisfaction of different needs: Architecture must always satisfy all the requirements settled (of whatever kind) but – at the same time - it is never possible to reduce its phenomenon to “the physiology” of the building.
ARCHITECTURE IS THE ART OF BUILDING
ARCHITECTURE ALWAYS ENCOMPASSES ITS FUNCTIONAL DIMENSION
ARCHITECTURE IS NEVER [MERE] CONSTRUCTION
A#01_Social housing in home country/place - individual assignment
A#02_Case-study-project_UNDERSTANDING - group assignmen
A#03_Mapping Best Practices - individual assignment
A#04_SH Case-study-project_providing proposals - group assignment
MID TERM PRESENTATIONS
EXAMs & EXHIBITION
Here is the link where to pic readings and case study