logo-polimi
Loading...
Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2018/2019
Scuola Scuola di Architettura Urbanistica Ingegneria delle Costruzioni
Insegnamento 051520 - CONSTRUCTION AND SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN STUDIO
Docente Adhikari Rajendra Singh , Fabris Luca Maria Francesco
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Laboratorio

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1018) ARCHITETTURA - PROGETTAZIONE ARCHITETTONICAADLAZZZZA051520 - CONSTRUCTION AND SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN STUDIO
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1217) ARCHITETTURA E DISEGNO URBANO - ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGNAUDAZZZZA051520 - CONSTRUCTION AND SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN STUDIO

Obiettivi dell'insegnamento

The goals of the Studio are: on the one hand, to experiment with the complexity of the design process, from the design to the realisation, by acquiring knowledge about the relationships between technological, energetic, environmental and structural aspects; on the other hand, to illustrate the cognitive, methodological, organizational and procedural tools in the different stages of the construction process, both for new construction and for building renovation. Since from the first phases of studio activity particular attention is paid to functional, constructive and environmental choices in relation to energy design and plant engineering.


Risultati di apprendimento attesi

Students:

- gain knowledge and understanding of the tools and techniques for technological, environmental and installation design, in compliance with the current regulatory framework;

- are capable of coordinating in the design different construction issues respecting environmental, physical, regulatory and cultural constraints;

- are capable of providing a coordinated and multidisciplinary management of the technological, energetic-environmental and structural themes of the design, on the base of priority requirements, decisions anticipation and evaluation of the various available technical options and of the application of the tools to support design decisions.


Argomenti trattati

The CSD Studio joins the following subjects: Technological and Environmental Design (Luca Maria Francesco Fabris) and Building Physics - Energy Design (Rajendra Singh Adhikari).

CSD Studio, held in English language, is carried out in parallel to a Studio Project course held by prof. Susumu Uno and prof. Nina Funahashi at the Department of Architecture of Daido University (Nagoya, Japan). Since 2007, the two Studio Project classes have been contributing in an Italian-Japanese didactic project titled “C.Scape” (where “C” means Community, Constructions and Communication).

C.SCAPE 19 – A new learning place for Shirakawa-cho, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

Foreword

This year the C.Scape studio project faces the topic of architectural and environmental design in the historical, architectural, multi-layered urban fabric of Shirakawa-cho (Gifu Prefecture, Japan – “cho” means “village”), introducing a reflection on value, importance, problems, and challenges in adding new architecture in a very complex and stunning historical landscape, that will be the background for a contemporary architectural project able to merge green utopias with actually green-architecture prototypes, creating a new kind of community based on the learning experience.

PROGRAM

Shirakawa-cho is located in the southern part of Gifu Prefecture, about one hour and half from Nagoya by car. There are five rivers in the town, Hidagawa, Samigawa, Shirakawa, Kurokawa and Akagawa, and it’s popular as a village rich of water source, as well for forests and agriculture: well know are the cultivations of "Tohno Hinoki" (a kind of cypress used as construction timber) and of green tea. "Shirakawa Tea" is famous in all Japan.

While aging population combined with the diminishing number of children is proceeding in all Japan, young people in Shirakawa-cho leave their hometown when they enter further education or get works in the suburbs. Chronic outflow of young populations causes lack of human resources in the village and increases the number of vacant houses and unused agricultural lands. Although even if there are a lot of jobs dealing with the rural economy in Shirakawa-cho, these are not so attractive to young people and don't make young generations come back to their hometown.Nowadays there are five elementary schools and three junior high schools in Shirakawa-cho, but there are no more high schools. Shirakawa senior high school was closed in 2009, so as soon as children graduate from junior high school, they must choose between long distance commutation or rooming in a dormitory. In Sirakawa-cho, the population deceleration is accelerating: The number of deaths exceeds the number of births (natural reductions), and people moving out exceed moving in (population reduction society). Since the number of households decreases with population outflow and aging society, there are a lot of vacant houses and unused agricultural lands. As many as 451 vacant houses are found in a survey research done in 2014, and 23 of them are with collapse walls or roofs risk. The number of unused agricultural lands increases with the increase of vacant houses.

By the way, as it’s happening in Italy now, there are also in Japan some people who wants to migrate to go farming in the mountain villages, Shirakawa-cho is providing a support system for new farmers. New farmers, living in the area and cultivating the unused agricultural lands, may play a role in livening up the village and preserve the historical landscapes. The village thanks to a proper design could become an area to live safely for both migrants and existing residents.

The CSDStudio project site is between Shirakawa River and Shirakawa Road. As about 50% of this site is done by vacant houses, it is a urgent agenda. The village needs a revitalization process to be started.

There is no more a high school in this town. Introduce a better educational environment may stop the outflow of young people and enhance the potential to decrease the number of vacant houses.Moreover, students can design facilities that can create employment for young generations and promote settlement of young population. Places left by the vacant houses may be though as resources, to create a new area where existing residents and migrants can coexist.

CSD Studio students will realize the new architectures to revitalize the mountain village as wooden structures (in particular using the 'Tohno Hinoki’ cypress timber from Shirakawa-cho), using reinforced‐ concrete and steel frame structures to strengthen the structure.

CSD Studio students are requested, according to the common brief, to study and develop proposals in a way in which environment and sustainable features have to be properly considered.

In the within of Technological and Environmental Designsubject students are called to respond to the relationships between green-built and light-massive as characterizing elements of the technological constructive nodes and their architectonical design, with attention to some sustainable features as solar gain, air circulation, cycle and recycle of the water, climate change, recovery and energetic saving and use of high innovative value building materials. The students will be guided in the planning of built structures, throughout the application of documents and relative drawings from the concept to the preliminary, definitive and executive design.

The activity of the CSD Studio is focusing also on Building Physics - Energy Design subject, with the aim to provide students method and tools able to support the design of low carbon communities in the framework of urban regeneration processes. The concepts and advanced design tools will be introduced for the development of an environmental conscious approach in the building energy design (envelope and technical systems). Special emphasis will be given on the rational use of energy and the use of low energy technologies and renewable energy sources in the design process.

CSD Studio focuses in merging the knowledge of these two subjects in a unique project where the ‘aesthetical and design matters’ are developed together and in relation with the technical, energetic and structural features. In fact, the proposed buildings should properly satisfy the expected requirements and performances. In few words: even if buildings are complex, they are a whole, and we have to obtain the desired and required performances operating through knowledge and design.

Milanese and Japanese students will work on the same topic in a virtual workshop and will have the opportunity to interact on-line between them and with the teaching staff thanks to the BEEP multimedia platform (beep.metid.polimi.it) released by Centro METID of the Politecnico di Milano. Didactic materials will be available via the web and the students will have to publish constantly their work progresses to make them visible to the others (teachers and students).

Students are invited to guarantee the maximum of interaction during all the in-room compulsory activities of the CSD Studio (lectures, discussions and tutored design and research activities).

More literature will be suggested during the lectures


Prerequisiti
 

Modalità di valutazione

To pass the first two steps CDS Studio students, divided in groups of max. 3 individuals, will prepare 2 oral presentations on their design work progresses in relation to the Studio brief, to be discussed and evaluated in a public discussions (mid-term presentations).

CDS Studio students will demonstrate their completed skills at the final exam, when there will be a public oral discussion with teachers and tutoring staff about the Studio Project results (Assessment of final test delivered as tables and written reports) obtained during the supported and autonomous learning activities.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaDeplazes Andrea (Ed.), Constructing Architecture, materials processes structures. A handbook, Editore: Birkhaeuser - Darch Eth, Anno edizione: 2005, ISBN: 9783764371906
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaSzokolay Steven V., Introduction to architectural science: the basis of sustainable design, Editore: Routledge Chapman & Hall, Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 9780750687041
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaLechner, N., Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable Design Methods for Architects, Editore: John Wiley & Sons, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 9780470048092
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaButera F., Adhikari R.S., Aste N., Sustainable Building Design for Tropical Climates, Editore: UN-Habitat - UNON, Publishing Services Section, Anno edizione: 2015, ISBN: 9789211326444 https://unhabitat.org/books/sustainable-building-design-for-tropical-climates/

Forme didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore di attività svolte in aula
(hh:mm)
Ore di studio autonome
(hh:mm)
Lezione
36:00
39:00
Esercitazione
24:00
26:00
Laboratorio Informatico
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Sperimentale
0:00
0:00
Laboratorio Di Progetto
60:00
65:00
Totale 120:00 130:00

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.5 / 1.6.5
Area Servizi ICT
12/05/2021