099578 - ITALIAN TERRITORIES AND LANDSCAPE TRADITION
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - PC (1085) SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN - ARCHITETTURA SOSTENIBILE E PROGETTO DEL PAESAGGIO
099578 - ITALIAN TERRITORIES AND LANDSCAPE TRADITION
The course is intended to introduce students to a critical understanding of the main transformations of Italian landscape from the second postwar period to the present day, with a special focus on the intertwining between the actual image of our landscapes and the processes which contributed to shape them; between the design projections and the different representations which shaped their imageries and the real transformations of the landscapes; between the articulations of architectural and urban culture and their effects on the identity of contemporary urban, natural and agricultural territories.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The aim of the course is to foster students’ awareness of the crucial role of a specific reflection on environmental and landscape design issues on the background of its historical articulations, as well as of the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to historical understanding of the territory and to landscape design practice at different scales. The course aims at providing different angles through which it is possible to look at the history and the theory of landscape and its representations, promoting the students' ability to properly read the complex reality in which they are called to operate, provinding them with methodological instruments of interpretation of it and, finally, encouraging their critical understanding of the present phenomena and of the new centrality of the reflection on landscape in the international debate.
Moving from a theoretical framework in which “landscape” is defined by Alain Roger’s distinction between in situ or in visu "artialization", the course aims at exploring the role of cultural models and visual representations in shaping the identity and the perception of landscapes. In this sense, the course will deal with the communication and representation strategies underpinning the cultural and environmental processes and with the changes of the gaze which accompany and sometimes anticipate the transformations, giving space to the parallel reflections of visual arts such as painting, cinema and landscape photography.
The course will proceed on two parallel paths. On one side it will deal with the crucial debate on postwar reconstruction, facing themes such as the difficult and contradictory modernization process, the effects of the economic boom on urban and natural landscapes, the debate on historical centers, the regional scale of urban planning, the questions raised by post-industrial urban transformations, the ongoing definition of the infrastructural and environmental system of the Italian territory, the effects of urban sprawl, etc. On the other side, several insights will be proposed into the present debate on landscape, environmental and urban transformations, moving from some of the crucial issues of the last decades and placing the Italian debate within the vast set of ideas and models characterizing the global scenery. Particular attention will be devoted to the relationship between the shape of the territory and the changing socio-political context, the development of an environmental and landscape culture and its institutional and regulatory framework, the interrelation between the macro-scale of urban planning and the micro-scale of specific interventions on urban fabric and public spaces, the dialogue between theories and practices, local and international debate.
The course will be structured on lectures ex cathedra and monographic seminaries based on the examination of significant case-studies and on the contribution of leading figures held by invited experts and scholars, as well as excursions/visits to significant sites and places representative of Italian urban and territorial modifications. The interaction and active participation of students to lectures and seminars is meant as a crucial condition for the success of the course, in order to stimulate a critical dialogue and exchange.
Each student will be asked to develop an individual work consisting of a photographic essay on a subject to be previously agreed with the teacher. The work is aimed at enhancing the students' ability to interpret the environment they inhabit through a personal and critical viewpoint, and to develop a reflection on the role of visual representation of such phenomena for their interpretation, understanding and consequent transformation. The process of elaboration of the works will be discussed during the course through both individual and collective reviews and will end up in a final presentation with invited external discussants and, eventually, in a public exhibition.
The bibliography will be integrated and updated during the course with articles and essays on specific case studies.
Modalità di valutazione
The final evaluation will be based on an oral individual exam, which will be focused on the results of the practical work, consisting in the realization of a photographic essay, and spanning through the themes of the lessons. The exam will be intended to verify the student’s knowledge and comprehension of the proposed bibliography (including textbooks, monographs and articles) and of the subjects of the lectures; to evaluate the student’s ability to connect the topics, to contextualize, and to examine in depth the discussed issues; to evaluate the student's critical approach and maturity in relation to the themes tackled in the course.
According to the specific nature of the course, the attendance is highly recommended, although it is not a compelling requisite. Not attending students are encouraged to develop the practical work autonomously or through periodical reviews with the teacher. They are also asked to be aware of the developments of the course through the careful reading of the in progress communications and to get the bibliographic materials periodically provided by the teacher. The final exam will be based on the same bibliography for attending and not attending students.
Mandredo Tafuri, History of Italian Architecture, 1944-1985, Editore: Mit Press, Anno edizione: 1989, ISBN: 0-262-20067-8
AA.VV., "Casabella", Il disegno del paesaggio italiano / The design of the Italian landscape, Anno edizione: 1991, Fascicolo: 575-576
Giovanni Durbiano, Matteo Robiglio, Paesaggio e architettura nell'Italia contemporanea, Editore: Donzelli Editore, Anno edizione: 2003, ISBN: 88-7989-781-0
Augustine Berque, At the Origin of the Landscape, in "Lotus International", Everything is Landscape, Anno edizione: 1999, Fascicolo: 101
Alain Roger, Life and Death of the Landscapes, in "Lotus International", Everything is Landscape, Anno edizione: 1999, Fascicolo: 101
Renzo Dubbini, Vedute e panorami. Rappresentazioni di paesaggi e città / Views and Panoramas. Representations of Landscapes and Towns, in "Lotus International", Promenades architecturales, Anno edizione: 1986, Fascicolo: 52
AA.VV., "Lotus Documents", Luigi Ghirri. Paesaggio italiano / Italian Landscape, Anno edizione: 1989, Fascicolo: 11
Valeria Fois, Michele Merlo (ed.), Edoardo Gellner, Percepire il paesaggio / Living Landscape, Editore: Skira, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 8884917840
Stephanie Zeier Pilat, Reconstructing Italy: The Ina-Casa Neighborhoods of the Postwar Era, Editore: Routledge, Anno edizione: 2016, ISBN: 9781409465805
AA.VV., "Lotus International", 2007 Milano Boom, Anno edizione: 2007, Fascicolo: 131
AA.VV., "Lotus International", Meteo Milano, Anno edizione: 2016, Fascicolo: 161
AA.VV., "Lotus International", Photographs, Anno edizione: 2006, Fascicolo: 129
AA.VV., "Lotus International", Landscape Urbanism, Anno edizione: 2012, Fascicolo: 150
AA.VV., "Lotus International", Archaeological Parks, Anno edizione: 2017, Fascicolo: 162
AA.VV., "Lotus International", Manufactured Altered Landscape, Anno edizione: 2017, Fascicolo: 164
Tipo Forma Didattica
Ore di attività svolte in aula
Ore di studio autonome
Laboratorio Di Progetto
Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese