Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2017/2018
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Docente Nicoli Monica Barbara
Cfu 5.00 Tipo insegnamento Monodisciplinare

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi



This course is focused on positioning, navigation and communication systems for smart mobility.


Location has become a crucial information for a huge number of services, many of which fall in the area of transportation. Modern transportation systems, often referred to as smart mobility or intelligent transportation systems (ITS), rely on positioning and information & communication technologies (ICT) to improve safety, sustainability and quality of mobility.


Fundamental in ITS is the knowledge of position/velocity of vehicles, persons and assets, either single entities or aggregates (i.e., flows). The dominant localization technology in open sky scenarios is represented by global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), while terrestrial technologies (wireless communication systems, radar, inertial systems, audio and video) are typically used to assist/complement satellite systems in applications with harsh environments (e.g., indoor or urban canyons) or severe performance constraints.


This course covers the fundamentals of wireless positioning and navigation (including both terrestrial and satellite systems), and gives an overview of main applications with emphasis on ITS:

  • The first part aims to provide a basic understanding of the methodologies and technologies for wireless positioning: fundamentals of radio-localization; terrestrial localization systems based on cellular or short-range communications; satellite navigation and augmentation systems; hybrid and advanced systems.
  • The second part, integrated with seminars from experts on transport and traffic engineering, presents applicationsto ITS: sensors and technologies for traffic monitoring, processing methodologies and mathematical models for traffic analysis and control; communication systems for road safety and traffic efficiency.



Detailed syllabus 


Positioning and navigation:

  • Overview of location-based services.
  • Basics of localization: parameters and measurements, infrastructures and protocols, spatial-temporal reference systems, positioning methods (multi-lateration/angulation, proximity sensing, fingerprinting, dead reckoning, hybrid approaches).
  • Localization processing: navigation equations, algorithms for solution, accuracy and geometric dilution of precision (GDOP), error sources, augmentation approaches, dynamic models and filters for mobile positioning (Kalman, grid-based and particle filters).
  • Technologies and systems:
    • Terrestrial radio-localization systems: cellular positioning (GSM, UMTS, LTE), short-range systems for indoor positioning (WiFi, Bluetooth, ZigBee, UWB, RF-ID), examples and applications.
    • Satellite systems: overview of satellite navigation systems (GPS, Galileo, GLONASS, Beidou/Compass), architecture and segments, signals and spreading codes, navigation message, receiver structure, navigation processing, performances and main sources of error, augmentation systems.
    • Advanced systems: hybrid systems, cooperative and distributed systems, new technologies.


Applications to ITS:

  • Introduction to ITS: architecture and elements, technologies, examples and applications.
  • Traffic monitoring: sensors and communication systems for identification or counting of vehicles/passengers/equipments, probe vehicles and floating car data, fleet management, electronic toll collection.
  • Fundamentals of traffic modeling and control.
  • Overview of communication technologies for transportation and safety: cellular, satellite, dedicated short-range communications, vehicle-to-vehicle/vehicle-to-infrastructure or vehicle-to-any (V2X) communications, evolution of V2X technologies to support cooperative automated driving.

Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The exam consists of a written test on the course contents. Optionally, students can integrate the written test result with either 1) a project on a selected topic (to be agreed with the teacher) or 2) an oral examination. In case of no project/oral, the final mark is the one obtained in the written test clipped to maximum 27/30. In case of integration with project/oral exam, the final grade is a weighted average of the two grades obtained by the written test and the project/oral.

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaLecture notes provided by the teacher
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaCourse website on the Beep platform of Politecnico di Milano https://beep.metid.polimi.it

Access restricted to students registered to the course. Lecture notes; seminars by experts on positioning, navigation and smart mobility, from university/industry (approx. 5-6 seminars per year, since 2010-2011); projects by former students; examination papers; further material and information.

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaA. Küpper, Location-based Services. Fundamentals and Operation, Editore: Wiley, Anno edizione: 2005

Part 1 of the course - Terrestrial radio positioning

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaA. Bensky, Wireless Positioning Technologies and Applications, Editore: Artech House, Anno edizione: 2008

Part 1 of the course - Terrestrial radio positioning

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaR. Prasad e M. Ruggieri, Applied Satellite Navigation Using GPS, GALILEO, and Augmentation Systems, Editore: Artech House, Anno edizione: 2005

Part 1 of the course - Satellite radio positioning

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaP. D. Groves, Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems, Editore: Artech House, Anno edizione: 2007

Part 1 of the course - Satellite radio positioning

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaE. D. Kaplan e C. Hegarty, Understanding GPS: Principles and Applications, Editore: Artech House, Anno edizione: 2005

Part 1 of the course - Satellite radio positioning

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaB. Dalla Chiara, ITS nei trasporti stradali, Editore: EGAF, Anno edizione: 2013

Part 2 of the course - Intelligent transportation systems

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaC. F. Daganzo, Fundamentals of Transportation and Traffic Operations, Editore: Pergamon-Elsevier, Anno edizione: 1997

Part 2 of the course - Intelligent transportation systems

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
laboratorio informatico
laboratorio sperimentale
laboratorio di progetto

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilità di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilità di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilità di supporto didattico in lingua inglese
schedaincarico v. 1.6.6 / 1.6.6
Area Servizi ICT