The design, engineering, construction and operation of ground vehicles is dealt with. Classes are divided into two main parts. In the first part, road and off-road vehicles are presented. In the second part railway vehicles are presented. Students can attend the whole classes (A-10 credits), or only the first part of the course or only the second part of the course ( 5 or 6 credits).
Introduction. Ground locomotion in nature, invention of the wheel and hystorical development of ground vehicles.
Architecture of road, off-road and rail vehicles. Paradigms for designing ground vehicles.
Conceptual design of road vehicles. Geometric dimensions and performance: maximum speed, acceleration, handling, understeering and oversteering (basics) as function of vehicle parameters, theory of handling diagrams.
Wheels and suspensions Tyre: concept design and performance both on road and off-road. Rims: construction details. Suspensions: McPherson, trailing arm, semi-trailing arm, double wishbone, ‘multi-link’, beam axle (either live or dead).
Springs and Dampers . Torsion springs, flexural springs (leaf), pneumatic springs. motube and twintube dampers, controlled dampers
Steering. Concept design, wheel angles , mechanical systems ( Ackermann, Jantaud), rack & pinion. Powersteering.
Braking. Partition of braking force front to rear, maximum braking power, brake force limiters and EBD, servo brake, ABS, drum and disk brake, ‘retarder’, band brake
Powertrain and drivetrain. Engine charactristic suited to traction, gearboxes, clutch (single and double), hydraulic torque converter. Differentials (free, torque or speed sensitive, passive or active).
Body. Concept design of body-in-white, materials, construction types.
Lightweight. Concept: energy required to complete a NEDC (New European Driving Cycle). WLTP. Mass properties.
Active, preventive and passive safety for road and off-road vehicles.
Future trends for road vehicles. New architectures for autonomous (automated) and connected green vehicles, zero fatalities, lightweight and durabilty performance, alternative fuels, electric vehicles, ITS (Intelligent Trasnsport Systems).
Concept design of a rail vehicle. Gabarit, performance and payload, curve negotiation, derailment (Pochet-Nadal), rolling resistance, running into tunnels.
Wheels and track. Concept and embodiment design, materials, typical loads.
Wheelset. Concept design, embodiment design, materials, wear, resilient wheels, axleboxes: kinematics, structure, bearings.
Bogies, motor bogies. Concept design. Single motor and two-motor. Load transfer. Mechanical transmissions.
Body. Concept design, typical loads, embodiment design (European and US), buffers, couplers.
Braking. Fail safe-, automatic-, continuous-, controllable brake. Pneumatic system, triple valve, rheostatic brake, electromagnetic brake (friction or eddy current). Disk brake, clasp (shoe) brake.
Diesel and diesel electric locos. Electric and hydraulic transmission.
Life cycle cost and Reliability, Availability Maintainability.
Future trends for road vehicles. New architectures, lightweight and durabilty performance (lifecycle), safety and security, ITS (Intelligent Trasnsport Systems).
Technical visits and seminars are organized (both for road and rail vehicles) to provide in-depth understaning of specific and relevant topics.