Basics on noise: amplitude, distribution, spectrum, power, and effective value.
Types of noise: shot (Poisson), thermal (Johnson), flicker (1/f), and burst (pop-corn) noise.
Noise Equivalent Generators, equivalent Bandwidth, Noise Figure and Temperature.
Case studies on noise analysis in devices and circuits.
Operational Amplifiers (OpAmp): voltage-mode, negative feedback, parameters, signal analysis.
Circuital configurations: gain, bandwidth, input/output impedances.
Frequency response of OpAmps: graphical analysis, off-chip frequency compensation techniques.
Advanced OpAmps: instrumentation (INA), isolation (ISO), current-feedback (CFA), current (CMA, Norton), and transconductance (OTA) amplifiers.
Case studies on circuits employing different OpAmps.
Basics of sampling: frequency analysis, aliasing, Shannon theorem.
Sample-and-Hold (S&H) circuits: static and dynamic errors and performances.
Advanced S&Hs: with feedback, with BJT transistors, stability and precision issues.
Analog multiplexers and digital potentiometers: real parameters and limitations.
Digital-to-Analog converters (DAC) and Analog-to-Digital converters (ADC): basic architectures, conversion time, speed/accuracy trade-off, timings.
Dynamic performance: FFT spectra, SNR, SiNAD, ENOB, THD and IMD distortions.
Advanced ADCs: interpolation, folding, half-flash, multistep, time-interleaving architectures.
Under- and Over-sampling. Sigma-Delta modulators: architectures, noise-shaping, SNR and bit improvements, performances.
Case studies on circuits employing S&Hs, DACs and ADCs.