Detailed Program and Expected Learning Results
During this workshop the students are guided to the definition of a project of architecture that is the synthesis of their knowledge, understanding and representation of reality.
The design process is guided by the awareness of the need for a theory, for a general vision that can be shared, for a transmissible method, for a practice of analysis and study, for the assessment of the adequacy of the results. Starting from in-depth analyses and comparisons with known models, the project should reflect the other possible interpretations.
Comparison and assessment: these are the terms within which the project should be defined through a process that starts with a solid knowledge of the subject and pushes the interpretation towards new sharing and adequacy criteria. The study of examples from the past highlights the relationship and the complicated connections among topic, typology and building, in the attempt to set a value that determines the quality of the case study. Critique is used as an assessment tool and guides every choice, forcing a constant clarification of objectives and the quest for a meaningful correspondence between the idea and its representation.
The topic is the design of a building for museum use with urban significance within the town and dialoguing with the existing buildings, which in some cases require requalification. The design process focuses on the typological variation of open-plan and arcade buildings according to the peculiarities of the chosen topic and on their composition into an organic design. Through the study of selected spaces in Milan and Mantua, representing as many variations of the contemporary idea of museum, it will be possible to identify the reasons and the relationships that, in that specific town and area, can turn a design into a solid experience.
During the whole semester particular attention will be paid to the study and discussion of subject-specific theoretic topics and to the necessary cross-curricular research. The contents of the courses “History of Architecture” and “Landscape Preservation” are consistent with the topics of this workshop as they both include frontal and practical lectures on the topic of museums and exhibition spaces.
Landscape Preservation Program
The workshop is focused on conservation and valorization of historically designed landscapes.
The workshop considers areas that are the result of a the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors, where historic centers are connected with architectures and cultural sites, road system, hydrographic features, agricultural settlement and natural/scenic areas.
The project approach is to conserve the historic stratification and to define new compatible plans and uses, identifying the ways to mitigate alteration impacts, to requalificate degraded areas, to enhance natural, historic and cultural values, to improve documentary and educational options and to manage new tasks and opportunities.
Seventy years ago the concept of landscape was an aesthetic perception of “Natural Beauty”. Today this definition has expanded to include human activities, so landscape now means “an area as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors” (European Landscape Convention, 2000).
Natural and cultural features must be analyzed to manage, valorize and rehabilitate outstanding and ordinary landscapes in their dynamic changing.
From the evolution of the landscape concept, the course will consider:
-methodologies to read and evaluate landscape typologies and features involving historic, perceptive and constructive components;
- analysis of different kind of ordinary and extraordinary landscapes, like agricultural landscapes, linear landscapes, peri-urban landscapes, examining decay and transformation problems and understanding social needs and functional options;
- currently landscape preservation theory and practice in order to conserve the historic stratification and to define new compatible plans and uses (identifying the ways to mitigate alteration impacts, to requalificate degraded areas, to enhance natural, historic and cultural values, to improve documentary and educational options and to manage new projects and opportunities);
- Italian preservation laws and international landscape preservation code;
- examples of Italian and international landscape preservation guidelines and treatment plans, involving conservation, valorization, rehabilitation approaches.
Through lectures, seminaries, group and individual reviews the students will understand the importance of preserving and managing historic landscapes and will learn analysis tools, conservation and reuse methodologies to develop a landscape preservation plan.
In connection with the courses of Architectural design and History of Architecture the students (working in small groups) will develop a project that will consider landscape preservation/valorization, architectural design and urban/architectural history.