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Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2015/2016
Scuola Scuola di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione
Insegnamento 096259 - MEDICAL INFORMATICS
Docente Bianchi Anna Maria , Ferrante Simona
Cfu 10.00 Tipo insegnamento Corso Integrato


Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Insegnamento
Ing Ind - Inf (1 liv.)(ord. 270) - MI (363) INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA*AZZZZ096259 - MEDICAL INFORMATICS
Ing Ind - Inf (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (471) BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING - INGEGNERIA BIOMEDICA*AZZZZ096259 - MEDICAL INFORMATICS

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

096259 – MEDICAL INFORMATICS

Mission Medical Informatics is an interdisciplinary subject, involving Information and Communication Technology, that combines Life and Health Sciences with Computers Science, Management, Engineering and Statistics. It aims at helping to solve situations in management of care processes, bio-medical and drug research, medical and clinical decision making.

096257 – MEDICAL INFORMATICS [1]

Objectives and topics

In the course Medical Informatics [1], the basic topics of health-care information and communication technologies are described for both the clinical and the bio-medical research settings.

Description of the main topics

Electronic Health Records. 

The structures of Electronic Health Records (EHRs), also for hospital departments; Similarities and differences of EHRs; The data types involved in EHRs – from alphanumerical fields to digital images; How different kinds of data  are used to support medical decisions.

Clinical and Medical Databases

Definitions of Datum, Field, Record, File, Database, Database Management System (DBMS). Relational Algebra. Logical Data Models: Hierarchical data model, Network data model, Relational data model, Object-Orientated data model. Entity-Relationship diagrams. The meanings of the null value of attributes. Data base design methodology: conceptual design and logical design, translation of logical design to database schema.

Examples of clinical and medical databases. 

Medical terminologies, dictionaries, and ontologies. The description of medical terminology, dictionaries and their structures; ontologies for Bio-Medicine. Some of dictionaries used in EHRs: Diagnosis related Groups (DRG), International Classification of Disease (ICD-9-CM). The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).

Medical digital libraries. Principles of design, developing and usage of Medical digital libraries. The PubMed/ Medline database of the US National Library of Medicine. Examples of queries for Bio-Medical engineering and Clinical engineering.

Bio-image Archives. Principles of design, developing and usage of bio-images archives. Searching and image retrieval methods for bio-images archives. The example of the Visible Human Project of the US National Library of Medicine.

Elements of computer networking.

Basics on layer protocols, ISO/OSI and TCP/IP protocols. Classifications of computer networks. Elements of internetworking.

Protection of Medical Data.

Basic concepts on security and privacy for clinical data. Example of hacker violations. Basic concepts on cryptography and related algorithms.   

Telemedicine and telehealth

Basics, a paradigm and a manifesto on telemedicine and e-Health. Description of telemedicine services and significant projects.

Standards for Medical Informatics

Definition of standard and standard lifecycle. Description of Standard Organizations for the Medical Informatics and the Electrical fields at Italian, European and International level. Examples of standards for the Medical Informatics field: the standard for Blood Transfusion Services, the standard proposal for Vital Signs Information, the Digital Image and Communication in Medicine (DICOM) standard.     

 

096258 – MEDICAL INFORMATICS [2]

 

Objectives and topics

 

In the course Medical Informatics [2], the basic processes of health-care environment and the process modelling methodology are described for both the clinical and the bio-medical research settings.

 

Description of the main topics

 

Principles of Medical Informatics 

Definition of the theoretical basic concepts of Medical Informatics: the model , the information, the systems and the information systems.

The definition of “process” 

Definition of the general concept “process” and in particular the basic processes of the healthcare environment. An overview to the clinical and organizational processes to support the clinical pathway of the patient. Scenarios of health organization and the needs of information and communication. The decision making process supported by the health record. International Guidelines and Clinical pathways.

Process modeling 

The importance of process modeling to monitor, control and continuously improve e-health processes. The object oriented modeling is presented together with its basic elements and concepts. A comprehensive methodology to model e-health processes by means of domain analysis, conceptual and logical modeling.

The modeling language Unified Modeling Language (UML) 

The UML is introduced with its diagrams and their use. The UML use is presented in the modeling of a system software architecture and in the visualization, specification and implementation of healthcare processes.

Modeling of simple and complex healthcare processes in UML 

Simple modeling examples are presented such as the Italian CUP process used to book medical examinations, the process of reception in the emergency department (triage). The process of the rehabilitation of stroke patients is chosen as a complex process to be modelled. The modeling includes the identification of the different process phases; the taxonomy of the actors involved and definition of their roles and responsibilities; the modeling of each model phase; the modeling of process exceptions; the modeling of the randomized controlled trials as facilitators towards the evidence-based medicine and the progress in the field.

In-depth analysis of some healthcare domains 

Some exemplary healthcare domains such as the e-prescribing, the personalized health informatics, and the telesurgery process are analyzed and process models are presented.

 

Activities in the laboratory

The activities in the laboratory equipped with personal computers are common to the two modules “1 – Instruments”(Medical Informatics [1]) and “2 – Processes” (Medical Informatics [2]) that compose the integrated course and aim at developing an elective project on “Medical Informatics” subjects.


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaPinciroli Francesco, Masseroli Marco, Elementi di Informatica BioMedica, Editore: Polipress, Anno edizione: 2005, ISBN: 88-7398-0171
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaPinciroli Francesco, Combi Carlo Pozzi Giuseppe, Basi di dati per l'informatica medica. Concetti, linguaggi, applicazioni, Editore: Pātron,, Anno edizione: 1998, ISBN: 8855524623
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaFowler Martin, : A Brief Guide to the Standard Object Modeling Language, Editore: Addison-Wesley Professional, Anno edizione: 2003, ISBN: 978-0321193681
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaShortliffe Edward H. and Cimino James J., Biomedical Informatics: Computer Applications in Health Care and Biomedicine, Editore: Springer, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 978-0387289861
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaElmasri Ramez, Navathe Shamkant, Fundamentals of Database Systems, Editore: Addison Wesley, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 978-0136086208
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaNaiburg Eric J., Maksimchuk Robert A, UML for Database Design, Editore: Addison-Wesley Professional, Anno edizione: 2001, ISBN: 978-0201721638
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaKurose James F., Ross Keith W, Computer Networking. A top-down approach featuring the Internet, Editore: Addison-Wesley Professional,, Anno edizione: 2005

Mix Forme Didattiche
Tipo Forma Didattica Ore didattiche
lezione
25.0
esercitazione
0.0
laboratorio informatico
40.0
laboratorio sperimentale
0.0
progetto
0.0
laboratorio di progetto
0.0

Informazioni in lingua inglese a supporto dell'internazionalizzazione
Insegnamento erogato in lingua Inglese
Disponibilitā di materiale didattico/slides in lingua inglese
Disponibilitā di libri di testo/bibliografia in lingua inglese
Possibilitā di sostenere l'esame in lingua inglese
Disponibilitā di supporto didattico in lingua inglese

Note Sulla Modalitā di valutazione

The attendance to the lessons and laboratory sessions is strongly recommended.

The evaluation does not include Mid-term test.

The written final exam is mandatory and based on the topics of this syllabus.  

The ability of comprehensively describing in written form the course topics, using the appropriate terms and giving attention to the relevant conceptual aspects, is a fundamental element for a positive evaluation.

For the Integrated course, the final exam is organized as it follows: a first part relates on Medical Informatics [1], a second part on Medical Informatics [2]

The elective laboratory project contributes to the formulation of the final evaluation.

15/12/2017 Area Servizi ICT v. 1.2.3 / 1.2.3