096257 – MEDICAL INFORMATICS  - Instruments
Obiettivi e contenuti del corso
Mission Medical Informatics is an interdisciplinary subject, involving Information and Communication Technology, that combines Life and Health Sciences with Computers Science, Management, Engineering and Statistics. It aims at helping to solve situations in management of care processes, bio-medical and drug research, medical and clinical decision making.
In the course Medical Informatics , the basic topics of health-care information and communication technologies are described for both the clinical and the bio-medical research settings.
Descrizione degli argomenti trattati
15-30 righe, con un elenco degli argomenti e una loro descrizione
Electronic Health Records. The structures of Electronic Health Records (EHRs), also for hospital departments; Similarities and differences of EHRs; The data types involved in EHRs – from alphanumerical fields to digital images; How different kinds of data are used to support medical decisions.
Clinical and Medical Databases. Definitions of Datum, Field, Record, File, Database, Database Management System (DBMS). Relational Algebra. Logical Data Models: Hierarchical data model, Network data model, Relational data model, Object-Orientated data model. Entity-Relationship diagrams. The meanings of the null value of attributes. Data base design methodology: conceptual design and logical design, translation of logical design to database schema. Examples of clinical and medical databases. Medical terminologies, dictionaries, and ontologies. The description of medical terminology, dictionaries and their structures; ontologies for Bio-Medicine. Some of dictionaries used in EHRs: Diagnosis related Groups (DRG), International Classification of Disease (ICD-9-CM). The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS).
Medical digital libraries. Principles of design, developing and usage of Medical digital libraries. The PubMed/ Medline database of the US National Library of Medicine. Examples of queries for Bio-Medical engineering and Clinical engineering.
Bio-image Archives. Principles of design, developing and usage of bio-images archives. Searching and image retrieval methods for bio-images archives. The example of the Visible Human Project of the US National Library of Medicine.
Elements of computer networking. Basics on layer protocols, ISO/OSI and TCP/IP protocols. Classifications of computer networks. Elements of internetworking.
Protection of Medical Data. Basic concepts on security and privacy for clinical data. Example of hacker violations. Basic concepts on cryptography and related algorithms.
Telemedicine and telehealth. Basics, a paradigm and a manifesto on telemedicine and e-Health. Description of telemedicine services and significant projects.
Standards for Medical Informatics. Definition of standard and standard lifecycle. Description of Standard Organizations for the Medical Informatics and the Electrical fields at Italian, European and International level. Examples of standards for the Medical Informatics field: the standard for Blood Transfusion Services, the standard proposal for Vital Signs Information, the Digital Image and Communication in Medicine (DICOM) standard. Activities in the laboratory The activities in the laboratory equipped with personal computers are common to the two modules “1 – Instruments”(Medical Informatics ) and “2 – Processes” (Medical Informatics ) that compose the integrated course and aim at developing an elective project on “Medical Informatics” subjects. Subjects considered in the laboratory are: Design, implementation and querying of medical and clinical databases; Digital clinical records for the institutions and for the patient; Healthcare smart cards; Consumer health informatics.
Pinciroli Francesco, Masseroli Marco, (a cura di), Elementi di Informatica BioMedica, Editore: Polipress, Anno edizione: 2005, ISBN: 88-7398-0171
Pinciroli Francesco, Combi Carlo, Pozzi Giuseppe, Basi di dati per l'informatica medica. Concetti, linguaggi, applicazioni, Editore: Pàtron, Anno edizione: 1998, ISBN: 8855524623
Fowler Martin, UML Distilled: A Brief Guide to the Standard Object Modeling Language, Editore: Addison-Wesley Professional; 3 edition, Anno edizione: 2003, ISBN: 978-0321193681
Complementary will be made available on the online http://beep.metid.polimi.it
Shortliffe Edward H. and Cimino James J., Editors, Biomedical Informatics: Computer Applications in Health Care and Biomedicine, Editore: Springer; 3rd edition, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 978-0387289861
Elmasri Ramez, Navathe Shamkant, Fundamentals of Database Systems , Editore: Addison Wesley; 6th edition, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 978-0136086208
Naiburg Eric J., Maksimchuk Robert A., UML for Database Design, Editore: Addison-Wesley Professional, Anno edizione: 2001, ISBN: 978-0201721638
Kurose James F., Ross Keith W., Computer Networking. A top-down approach featuring the Internet, Editore: Addison-Wesley Professional, 3rd edition, Anno edizione: 2005, ISBN: 0-321-26976-4.
Organizzazione del corso e modalità di verifica
1-10 righe. (è importante: segnalare se esami scritti/orali, se prova in itinere e quanto ritenuto necessario a chiarire le modalità d’esame).
The attendance to the lessons and laboratory sessions is strongly recommended.
The evaluation does not include Mid-term test.
The written final exam is based on the topics of this syllabus.
The written final exam is mandatory.
The ability of comprehensively describing in written form the course topics, using the appropriate terms and giving attention to the relevant conceptual aspects, is a fundamental element for a positive evaluation.
For the Integrated course, the final exam is organized as it follows: a first part relates on Medical Informatics , a second part on Medical Informatics 
The elective laboratory project contributes to the formulation of the final evaluation.