Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2014/2015
Scuola Scuola di Architettura e Società
Docente Balboni Laura , Fassi Francesco , Saisi Antonella Elide , Varvaro Stefania
Cfu 16.00 Tipo insegnamento Laboratorio

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

The “Architecture and Preservation” programme aims to develop a culturally and technically innovative approach to the key theme of the future of our existing architectural heritage. The Studio involves a series of courses that, at different scales, explore the themes relating to the knowledge of the architecture heritage and the planning in such strategic contexts. An innovative aspect of the methodology is the merging and the harmonisation of the preservation requirements, resulting from the single building analysis, and the planning choices aimed at fulfilling preservation strategies in time and purpose of the action (project, process, planning, management) and the relationships with the architectural design, urban and regional (economic and social sciences).

In fact, preservation consists of action taken to prevent decay and neglecting, and within this objective, it also includes mitigation of the aggressive environment, maintenance, but also the management of the possible uses and new functional requirements taking into account the scale problems, impact and meaning (monument, historical, consolidated city, the cultural landscape).

The Studio wants to explain architectural preservation theory and practice by a multidisciplinary approach, including information from several subjects. A conservative choice is not the result of an automatic process but it grows with the increasing knowledge of the building within a complex “cultural project”. Preservation strategies, in fact, can be successful only after a theoretical analysis of the building cultural and architectonic values but also after a deep knowledge of the building itself, of its geometry, its evolution in time, its materials, its building technique, its decay and damage.

Such several cultural contributions should be harmonized in order to reach the wide knowledge aimed at preservation strategies both of the building in its environment, by the evaluation of its characteristics and state of decay and of its functions to define preservation and maintenance strategies and set up compatible design and function.

The disciplines involved in the Course reflect the interdisciplinary character of the whole programme. In this specific case, traditional and innovative techniques of representation and surveying are a fundamental tool in the study of the historical buildings – about their geometrical shape, the evolution over time in the structure layout. It is worth to remark that interior design is an essential complement to any project aimed to preserve the architectural heritage and to transfer this key resource to future generations.

Space here is understood in the sense of concretely defined inhabitable space. Focus upon the materials and details of this defined space - upon the history it embodies - means being fully aware that architecture is something that is moulded by the action and experience of those who live within it.

A series of introductory lessons will outline the main approaches and aims of the workshop.

The class activity will concern the analysis and the planning proposal of a case study – a building in the historic center of Mantua – widening the provided basic information through a detailed survey of the building characteristic and technologies.

The on site practical work is an effective opportunity to compare the individual methodologies and instruments provided by the various disciplines.

This will involve not only the several direct surveys of the building but also the identification of the conservation and planning items emerged during the analysis e.g. in relation both to the use of space (in particular public use) and the norms and regulations that govern that use.

The workshop activities involve lectures on specific topics. Their aim will be not only to illustrate the context – the cultural frame of reference – for current reflections upon conservation but also to provide students robust background and guidelines necessary for their practical work. The attendance to such lectures, as well all the class activities, is mandatory.

The aim of the Course is to provide students to any methodological tool (theoretical and operating) they need to approach a global preservation project, starting from the analysis of the present state of preservation and characteristics of the building, to the repair or mitigation of the vulnerability, to the role of maintenance and, finally, to the evaluation of the possible building function and re-use specifically addressed by a detailed planning. The design solutions should increase the used value by minimal intervention, without alter the intrinsic values of the historic buildings.

The first part of the Course provides the methodological and theoretical background, starting from the question of origins, legitimacy and validity of the discipline of restoration. The theoretical framework of conservation is outlined through its historical conceptual development, the ideas of the main protagonists (E.E. Viollet le Duc, J. Ruskin and W. Morris, C. Boito, L. Beltrami, A. Riegl, G. Giovannoni, C. Brandi, etc.) and the definition of strategic keywords as “monument”, “heritage”, “built environment”, “preservation”, “restoration” and “conservation”. Such keywords compose the core concepts of the discipline

The analysis is supplemented of the key points of the current Italian code concerning preservation principles, together with the various documents - “Charters” and recommendations - which have, at both national and international level, had a decisive effect on the criterion of intervention adopted by both public and private agencies.

A second series of lectures will improve the students’ knowledge to apply in the onsite survey and in the design activities. The lectures describe the methods to collect information, to study in depth the building and the relationship between material characteristics, environment and decay and the following intervention strategies, including monitoring and maintenance. These methods range from historical-archive research to the direct analysis and survey of the building. These methods range from historical-archive research to the direct analysis and survey of the building. The direct and detailed inspection of the building characteristics outlines the present state of the building; the characteristic features of the construction techniques and structure; the stratification which has occurred through the several variations in building techniques and materials over time; the level of decay in both the surface materials and the eventual damage of the structure (perhaps due to earthquakes, such as occurred only recently in Mantua); and techniques of conservation.

The lectures also will involve the description of the materials and building techniques of the Architectural Heritage, including the affected pathologies, decay processes and the testing procedures. The aim is to provide students to any methodological tool (theoretical and operating) they need to approach a global preservation project, starting from the analysis of the present state of preservation and characteristics of the building, building techniques and materials.

The lessons on geometrical surveying will cover the use of innovative techniques and instruments. In particular, two techniques will be presented: Laser scanners survey with demos and theoretical lessons. Greater attention and time will be spent for the photogrammetric surveying technique. Today it is the cheapest and most complete method to generate three-dimensional models, metric texturing and high-resolution true orthophotos in close relation to an analysis of actual building techniques. The aim is to work towards the generation of representational models that can be useful in understanding the structure and in the planning phase. 

A final group of lessons will cover the drawing-up of projects. It will do this through discussing a number of significant cases that illustrate various different conditions and contexts. Particular attention will be focused upon: the improvement of general living conditions; energy efficiency; the limitation of the impact of new installations upon historic buildings; the design and planning of additions and fixtures - whose very detailed will be tested in relation to the case-study building - and the context within which it stands. This in-depth analytical interpretation will allow the project to achieve a well-informed critical redefinition of the key components of the building and its context – those features that make it unique in fabric, form and location.

Sketches, technical drawings in pencil and models will all be necessary for understanding the structure, reflecting upon ideas and illustrating end projects. A high degree of competency in draughtsmanship and computer graphics is required in the final material, as is precise work in the production of models.

Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The course will include theoretical lectures, design practices, preservation surveys, on site visits. Students must attend all lessons, onsite visits and surveys.

The attendance of the on site activities is possible only after the following of the on-line Basic Course on Safety and the mandatory submitting of the final certificate.

The workshop activity will include a direct survey of a historic building proposed by the teachers and a design activity. Geometrical, material and surface damage survey, historic evolution, study of the structure and of the building characteristics, environment relationships will be considered in the analysis.

This information will be at the base of the design activity.

The field work and the design activity are organised in small groups and will be backed up by seminars in which students will present their own material, underlining the personal questions and the reflections linked to the lecture themes, their own study of the class references.

The final exam result merges both the evaluation of the developed project in group, both the oral and the written tests results. The mid term and final written tests will evaluate each student's knowledge and progress concerning the theoretical lesson topics.

The final oral test will focus on the project developed in group and on the topics discussed during the classes and on the related bibliography. It will include the discussion on the theoretic background and on the survey and planning activities developed during the year in group. Each student musts demonstrate a wide knowledge of all the theoretical topics, showing the relationships between the several class lectures and the former courses, as well.

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaA. Saisi, Class notes and additional texts
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A.Saisi, C. Tiraboschi, Investigation procedures for the diagnosis of historic masonries, Construction and Building Materials, Editore: Elsevier, Anno edizione: 2000, ISSN: 0950-0618, Fascicolo: Vol. 14, N. 4, June 2000

in Construction and Building Materials, pp. 199-233

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaG. Baronio, L. Binda, The durability of masonry in aggressive environments and techniques for conservation and protection, Editore: Caithness Whittles, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 1870325583

in C.W. Yu, and J.W. Bull eds., Durability of materials and structures in building and civil engineering

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A. Saisi, I.A.E. de Vent, R.P.J. van Hees, S. Naldini, Structural Damage in Masonry in Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, Editore: Aedificatio Publishers, Anno edizione: 2010, ISSN: 1864-7251, Fascicolo: vol. 16, n. 3
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A. Saisi, Knowledge of the building, on site investigation and connected problems, Editore: Reluis, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-88-89972-16-8 http://www.reluis.it/CD/ReLUIS-EC8/pdf/17_EC8-ReLUIS.pdf
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaF. Remondino, Heritage Recording and 3D Modeling with Photogrammetry and 3D Scanning / Remote Sensing, Anno edizione: 2011, ISSN: 2072-4292, Fascicolo: 3 http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/6/1104

pp. 1104-1138

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaF. Rinaudo, L. Bornaz, and P. Ardissone, 3D High accuracy survey and modelling for Cultural Heritage Documentation and Restoration, Editore: Archaeolingua Hun, Anno edizione: 2007

In Vast 2007 - Future Technologies To Empower Heritage Professionals, Brighton (UK), 26-29 Nov 2007, pp. 19-23

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaR. Rizzi (ed.), Civilization of living. The evolution of European domestic interiors, Editore: ed. Lybra Immagine, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 8882230635 http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/6/1104
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaCultural Heritage Policy Documents (The Getty Conservation Institute website) http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/research_resources/charters.html#1960
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaK. Kraus, Photogrammetry - Geometry from Images and Laser Scans, Editore: Walter de Gruyter, Anno edizione: 2008
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaJohn Ruskin, The Lamp of Memory (The Seven Lamps of Architecture, 1849), Editore: Penguin Great Ideas, Anno edizione: 2009
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaAlois Riegl, The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Character and Origin (1903) / trans., in , Editore: Kurt. Foster and Diane Ghirardo, Anno edizione: 1982, Fascicolo: 25
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaC. Di Biase, F. Albani, L. Balboni, P. Corradini, Methodology of survey and assessment for the conservation and re-use of the Rocca Rangoni ..., Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 978-88-96680-31-5

4th International Congress on

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaSchumann, I. and others, Damage atlas : classification and analyses of damage patterns found in brick masonry , Editore: European Commission, Anno edizione: 1998, ISBN: 3816747027
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaICOMOS-ISCS: Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdf

(Monuments and Sites: XV), 2008, 2010

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaEnglish Heritage (ed.), Practical Building Conservation, Ashgate Publishing, 2012-2013, 10 volumes

(see in particular, Mortars, Renders and Plasters, Stone, Timber, 2012, 4 volumes)

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaJukka Jokilehto, Thought towards an International Approach to the Conservation of Cultural Property, D. Phil Thesis , Editore: The University of York, England, Institute of Advanced Architectural Studies, Anno edizione: 1986 http://mestrado-reabilitacao.fa.utl.pt/disciplinas/jaguiar/jukkajokilehto1986historyofconservation.pdf

(PDF format 2005)

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaBernard Feilden, Conservation of historic buildings, Editore: Elsevier : Architectural press, Anno edizione: 2003, ISBN: 0750658630
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaC. Di Biase, F Albani, Alteration and decay in Twentieth-century architecture: A lexicon proposal, Editore: Taylor & Francis Group, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 9780415558037

in Protection of Historical Building 21/6/2009 - 24/6/2009, ROMA, pp. 519-524

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaFASSI F., PARRI S., Complex Architecture in 3D: From Survey to Web. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HERITAGE IN THE DIGITAL ERA , Anno edizione: 2012, ISSN: 2047-4970, Fascicolo: vol. 1

p. 379-398,

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaFASSI, F., ACHILLE, C. AND FREGONESE, L., Surveying and modelling the Main Spire of Milan Cathedral using multiple data sources. The Photogrammetric Record, Anno edizione: 2011, ISSN: 2047-4970, Fascicolo: 26

pp. 462-487. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-9730.2011.00658.x

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaG. Guidi, M. Russo, J.A. Beraldin, Acquisizione 3De modellazione poligonale, Editore: McGraw-Hill, Milano, Anno edizione: 2010

in italian

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaGabriele Guidi, Fabio Remondino, 3D Modelling from Real Data, 69-102. In Modeling and Simulation in Engineering., Anno edizione: 2012
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaCamuffo Dario, Havermans John, Fassina Vasco,, Basic environmental mechanisms affecting cultural heritage, Editore: Nardini, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 9788840443348

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