Purpose of the course is an introduction to the effects that electron and light confinement introduces into the optical properties of materials.
Starting from the description of confined structures, through dedicated nanofabrication techniques, the consequences on physical properties are discussed.
Particular attention is devoted to inorganic semiconductors and as a special class of emitting devices solid state and nanotechnological lasers are considered.
2. Foundation of nanophotonocs (Ch. 2 Gaponenko)
2.1 Tunneling (Ch. 3 Gaponenko)
2.2 Penetration of a single barrier
2.3 Electrons in a periodic potential Ch. 6 Alonso Finn)
3. Confined structures (Ch. 4 Prasad)
3.1 Manifestatins of confinement
3.2 Nanotechnological lasers
4. An aside
4.1 p-n junction
4.2 Solid sate lasers (Diode lasers J. Chem. Ed. 69, 89 1992; Nobel lecture on heterostructures)
5. Two-dimensional Nanostructures (G. Cao "Nanostructures and Nanomaterials" Imperial College Press Ch. 5.1-5.5)
5.1 Growth methods for nanomaterials
5.2 Vapor phase deposition techniques
6. Nanofabrication: lithography (R.Waser Ed. "Nanoelectronics and information technology", Wiley Sect. II Ch. 9)
6.1 Photolithography: foundamental concepts
6.2 Evolution of photolithography
6.3 Soft lithographies
6.4 SPM lithographies and nanomanipulation (R.Waser Ed. "Nanoelectronics and information technology", Wiley Sect. II Ch.12)
7.0 Fundamentals of electromagnetism (G.R. Fowles "Introduction to Modern Optics", Dover Ch.1)
7.1 optical response of materials: dieletric and metal
7.2 Plasmons (Ch. 6 Gaponenko)