Risorse bibliografiche
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoria
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativa
Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2013/2014
Scuola Scuola di Architettura e Società
Docente Brumana Raffaella , Di Biase Carolina , Saisi Antonella Elide , Varvaro Stefania
Cfu 16.00 Tipo insegnamento Laboratorio

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

The “Architecture and Preservation” programme intends to take a culturally and technically innovative approach to the key theme of the future of our existing architectural heritage. Comprised in a series of courses that, at different scales, look at the themes relating to knowledge of and planning regarding historical buildings and settings, the Architectural Preservation Studio will bring together with regard to a single building analysis of preservation needs and the planning choices that can be taken to meet them. The range of disciplines involved reflects the interdisciplinary character of the entire programme. In this specific case, traditional and more state-of-the-art techniques of representation and surveying are a fundamental tool in learning about historical buildings – about their geometrical form, the developments over time in structure and layout, and fixtures and fittings. In effect, interior design is an essential complement to any project which aims to conserve the architectural heritage in order that this key resource can be handed down to future generations.

Space here is understood in the sense of concretely defined inhabitable space. Focus upon the materials and details of this defined space - upon the history it embodies - means being fully aware that architecture is something that is moulded by the action and experience of those who live within it.

A series of introductory lessons will outline the main approaches and aims of the workshop. Here, students will be presented with a special case study – a building in the city of Mantua – with materials and basic information being provided as to the specific characteristics and problems that led to the choice of that structure.

The main opportunity for a comparison of the individual methodologies and instruments of the various disciplines will be provided by practical work in the field. This will involve not only surveys and studies but also an identification of the themes of conservation and planning that emerge during the analysis of the data produced – themes which will be considered in relation both to the use of space (in particular public use) and the norms and regulations that govern that use.

Lectures, to be given either by the heads of the workshop project or lecturers invited to speak on specific subjects, will be held in tandem with the workshop activities. Their aim will be not only to illustrate the context – the cultural frame of reference – for current reflections upon conservation but also to provide students with guidelines in their practical work.

Analysed through their historical development, a number of key words will make it possible to compare the definitions and roots of such core concepts as “monument”, “heritage”, “built environment”, “preservation”, “restoration” and “conservation”. There will also be an examination of the key points in the current Italian law covering preservation, together with the various “Charters” and recommendations which, through not legally binding, have at both a national and international level had a decisive effect upon the criteria of intervention adopted by both public and private bodies.

A second series of lessons will cover the methods and means that can be used in acquiring knowledge regarding the object of conservation. These methods range from historical-archive research to direct exploration of the fabric of the building (backed up by laboratory testing). These methods and means make it possible to use techniques of representation and depiction in order to piece together a full picture of: the state of the building; the characteristic features of construction techniques and structure; the stratification which has occurred through variations in building techniques and materials over time; the degree of decay in both fabric and structure (perhaps due to earthquakes, such as occurred only recently in Mantua); and techniques of conservation. These lessons will take the characteristics of the building chosen for the training exercise as their starting-point; however, they will then cover themes relating to a much wider historical heritage (including that dating from the twentieth century).

The lectures also will involve the description of the materials and building techniques of the Architectural Heritage, including the affected pathologies, decay processes and the testing procedures. The aim is to provide students to any methodological tool (theoretical and operating) they need to approach a global preservation project, starting from the analysis of the present state of preservation and characteristics of the building, building techniques and materials.

The lessons on geometrical surveying will cover the use of innovative techniques and instruments (laser scanners for three-dimensional modelling; photogrammetrical surveying to generate 2D-3D image texturing) in close relation to an analysis of actual building techniques. The aim is to work towards the generation of representational models that can be useful in understanding the structure and in the planning phase, which will involve experimentation with the application of HBIM (Building Information Modelling) to the architectural heritage (3D Content Model).

A final group of lessons will cover the drawing-up of projects. It will do this through discussing a number of significant cases that illustrate various different conditions and contexts. Particular attention will be focused upon: the improvement of general living conditions; energy efficiency; the limitation of the impact of new installations upon historic buildings; the design and planning of additions and fixtures - whose very details will be tested in relation to the case-study building - and the context within which it stands. This in-depth analytical interpretation will allow the project to achieve a well-informed critical redefinition of the key components of the building and its context – those features that make it unique in fabric, form and location.

Sketches, technical drawings in pencil and models will all be necessary for understanding the structure, reflecting upon ideas and illustrating end projects. A high degree of competency in draughtsmanship and computer graphics is required in the final material, as is precise work in the production of models.

- Students must attend all lessons and practical work. The practical work is organised in small groups and will be backed up by seminars in which students will present their own material and set forward questions and reflections arising from the themes covered in the lessons and their own study of the texts in the course bibliography.

- Further bibliographical references may be provided with regard both to the case study and to the theme chosen for the student’s individual examination.

Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The exam will consist of a final assessment of the practical work, which will include a project proposal and of an individual discussion of the student’s in-depth bibliographical research on a theme to be agreed with the workshop lecturers.

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaK. Kraus, Photogrammetry - Geometry from Images and Laser Scans, Editore: Walter de Gruyter, Anno edizione: 2008
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaF. Remondino, Heritage Recording and 3D Modeling with Photogrammetry and 3D Scanning / Remote Sensing, Anno edizione: 2011, ISSN: 2072-4292, Fascicolo: 3 http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/6/1104

pp. 1104-1138

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaF. Rinaudo, L. Bornaz, and P. Ardissone, 3D High accuracy survey and modelling for Cultural Heritage Documentation and Restoration, Editore: Archaeolingua Hun, Anno edizione: 2007

In Vast 2007 - Future Technologies To Empower Heritage Professionals, Brighton (UK), 26-29 Nov 2007, pp. 19-23

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaD. Oreni, R. Brumana, B. Cuca, Towards a methodology for 3D content models.The reconstruction of ancient vaults for maintenance ..., Anno edizione: 2012

18th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia - Virtual Systems in the Information Society, pp.1-8

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaB. Cuca, D. Oreni, R. Brumana, Open Source meets preventive conservation:web based tools for preventive conservation ..., Anno edizione: 2011

PreCoach2011 (International Conference on Preventive Conservation of Architectural Heritage), 29-30 October 2011, Proceedings, pp. 55-67

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaR. Rizzi (ed.), Civilization of living. The evolution of European domestic interiors, Editore: ed. Lybra Immagine, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 8882230635 http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/6/1104
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaCultural Heritage Policy Documents (The Getty Conservation Institute website) http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/research_resources/charters.html#1960
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaJohn Ruskin, The Lamp of Memory (The Seven Lamps of Architecture, 1849), Editore: Penguin Great Ideas, Anno edizione: 2009
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaAlois Riegl, The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Character and Origin (1903) / trans., in , Editore: Kurt. Foster and Diane Ghirardo, Anno edizione: 1982, Fascicolo: 25
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaC. Di Biase, F. Albani, L. Balboni, P. Corradini, Methodology of survey and assessment for the conservation and re-use of the Rocca Rangoni ..., Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 978-88-96680-31-5 http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/6/1104

4th International Congress on

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaR. Carvais, A. Guillerme, V. Nègre, J. Sakarovitch, (eds.), Nuts & Bolts of Construction History: Culture, Technology and Society, 3 volumes, Editore: Picard, Anno edizione: 2012
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaICOMOS-ISCS: Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdf

(Monuments and Sites: XV), 2008, 2010

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaC. Di Biase, F Albani, Alteration and decay in Twentieth-century architecture: A lexicon proposal, Editore: Taylor & Francis Group, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 9780415558037

in Protection of Historical Building 21/6/2009 - 24/6/2009, ROMA, pp. 519-524

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaEnglish Heritage (ed.), Practical Building Conservation, Ashgate Publishing, 2012-2013, 10 volumes

(see in particular, Mortars, Renders and Plasters, Stone, Timber, 2012, 4 volumes)

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaL. Binda, A.Saisi, C. Tiraboschi, Investigation procedures for the diagnosis of historic masonries, Construction and Building Mat., Editore: Elsevier, Anno edizione: 2000, ISBN: 0095006180 http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdf

in Construction and Building Materials, pp. 199-233

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A. Saisi, Knowledge of the building, on site investigation and connected problems, Editore: Reluis, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-88-89972-16-8 http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdf
Risorsa bibliografica facoltativaL. Baronio, G. Binda, The durability of masonry in aggressive environments and techniques for conservation and protection, Editore: Caithness Whittles, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 1870325583 http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdf

in C.W. Yu, and J.W. Bull eds., Durability of materials and structures in building and civil engineering

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A. Saisi, I.A.E. de Vent, R.P.J. van Hees, S. Naldini, Structural Damage in Masonry in Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, Editore: Aedificatio Publishers, Anno edizione: 2010, ISSN: 1864-7251, Fascicolo: vol. 16, n. 3 http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISCS_Glossary_Stone.pdf

in I.A.E. de Vent, S. Naldini, R.P.J. van Hees, L. Binda, A. Saisi, Definition of Structural Damage Patterns: a Structural Damage Atlas, Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, Bauinstandsetzen und Baudenkmalpflege, pp. 167-18

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