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Scheda Riassuntiva
Anno Accademico 2013/2014
Scuola Scuola di Architettura e Società
Insegnamento 093384 - ARCHITECTURAL PRESERVATION STUDIO
Docente Duvernoy Sylvie , Rostagno Chiara , Saisi Antonella Elide
Cfu 14.00 Tipo insegnamento Laboratorio

Corso di Studi Codice Piano di Studio preventivamente approvato Da (compreso) A (escluso) Nome Sezione Insegnamento
Arc - Urb - Cost (Mag.)(ord. 270) - MI (1136) ARCHITETTURAE12AZZZZB093384 - ARCHITECTURAL PRESERVATION STUDIO

Programma dettagliato e risultati di apprendimento attesi

The Architectural Preservation Studio concerns the analysis of the Architectonic Heritage and of its values aimed at its preservation. The Studio wants to explain architectural preservation theory and practice by a multidisciplinary approach, including information from several subjects. A conservative choice is not the result of an automatic process but it grows with the increasing knowledge of the building within a complex “cultural project”. Preservation strategies, in fact, can be successful only after a theoretical analysis of the building cultural and architectonic values but also after a deep knowledge of the building itself, of its geometry, its evolution in time, its materials, its building technique, its decay and damage. 

Such several cultural contributions should be harmonized in order to reach the wide knowledge aimed at preservation strategies both of the building in its environment, by the evaluation of its characteristics and state of decay and of its functions to define preservation and maintenance strategies and set up compatible planning and function. 

In fact, preservation consists of action taken to prevent decay, and within this objective, it also includes mitigation of the aggressive environment, maintenance, but also the management of the possible uses and new functional requirements.

The course develops the theoretic issues, examining the historic evolution of the subject through meaningful case histories. 

One of the most important items, emerged in the past and got increasingly stronger in the last decades after failures of monumental buildings and earthquakes, is the role of knowledge as a fundamental basis of any repair and strengthening intervention. As much an intervention is required to be structurally effective, compatible with the existing, respectful of its constructive, historical, material characters, as much an articulated, deepen and inter disciplinary survey has to be carried out. The complexity of the subject requires a constant comparison between the building and the sources of data, the interdependency between design of the investigation and choice of the repair techniques, and continuity between prevision, execution and control of the intervention.

The technical challenges of historic building preservation not only involve finding possible vulnerability but also include addressing the safety action and damage mitigation within a minimal intervention strategy and maintenance.

In general, it is essential to determine the structural integrity in order to prevent damages or the danger of total or partial collapse, coupling on site testing and analytical interpretation.

The analyses should be capable of studying existing defects, their origin and relevance for the safety of the structure and defining the cases for which strengthening or repair are required. Furthermore, they should allow the understanding of the performance of the ancient structures to allow effective design with minimal strengthening or repair techniques where required and to assess their in-service performance and capacity improvements.

Methodological uncertainties from technical and conceptual viewpoint are related with the lack of addressed standards and recommendations capable of supporting a rigorous procedure. 

The Workshop focuses on the conservation problems and treatments of historic heritage, starting from a diagnosis project. In order to fulfil this issue, the main building materials and technologies will be widely discussed, as well as their pathologies and structural problems. Diagnostic strategies and investigation tools will be presented, as well as operative approaches to any study of an historic building.

In the first part of the Course, lectures improve the students’ knowledge to apply in the survey and project developed in the second part.

More in detail, the following subjects will be discusses, studying in depth the relationship between quality and decay of the building and intervention strategies, including monitoring and maintenance: 

  • the load bearing elements of the historic structures and comparison between the different building techniques.
  • the properties of the masonry components – mortar, bricks and stones -, plasters and wood; typologies, workmanship, chemical, physical and mechanical characterisation.
  • the surface decay and the chemical and physical agents of decay.
  • the symptoms of damages: survey and control of the crack pattern and of the geometric variations.
  • the diagnosis: non destructive tests and laboratory tests.
  • choice of the intervention materials and techniques. The problem of the new materials

 The second phase, which will be part of the student practice as well, includes:

  • geometrical and architectural survey;
  • study of the building evolution;
  • study of the building technology;
  • characterization of the materials and of their decay, including surface material and decay mapping;
  • evaluation of the building damage, including discontinuity and crack pattern survey;
  • investigation project and monitoring;
  • conservation and reuse approaches and goals;
  • preservation technical tools and strategies.

 The aim of the Course is to provide students to any methodological tool (theoretical and operating) they need to approach a global preservation project, starting from the analysis of the present state of preservation and characteristics of the building, to the repair or mitigation of the vulnerability, to the role of maintenance and, finally, to the evaluation of the possible building function and re-use specifically addressed by a detailed planning. The design solutions should increase the used value by minimal intervention, without alter the intrinsic values of the historic buildings.

Last but not least, the Course aims to create attitude respectful toward the diffused architectonic heritage – improperly called “minor” - important component of the built environment of the historic centres, most aggressed by unsuitable interventions.

The Course requires preliminary elements of the current theoretical debates on preservation, and of the traditional building technologies and decay processes.


Note Sulla Modalità di valutazione

The course will include theoretical lectures, planning practices, restoration surveys.

The workshop activity will include a direct survey of a historic building proposed by the teachers. Geometrical, material and surface damage survey, historic evolution, environment relationships will be considered in the analysis.

The final test is bases on the evaluation on the developed project, oral and written test results.  The mid term and final written tests will evaluate each student's knowledge  concerning the theoretical lesson topics.

The final oral test will focus on the subjects discussed during the classes and on the related bibliography. It will include discussion on the conservation report prepared during the year.  


Bibliografia
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaA. Saisi, Class notes
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A.Saisi, C. Tiraboschi, Investigation procedures for the diagnosis of historic masonries,in Construction and Building Mat., Editore: Elsevier, Anno edizione: 2000, ISBN: 0095006180
Note:

in Construction and Building Materials Vol. 14, n.4, June 2000, pp. 199-233

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaBernard Feilden, Conservation of historic buildings , Editore: Elsevier : Architectural press, Anno edizione: 2003, ISBN: 0750658630
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A. Saisi, Knowledge of the building, on site investigation and connected problems, Editore: Reluis, Anno edizione: 2009, ISBN: 978-88-89972-16-8 http://www.reluis.it/CD/ReLUIS-EC8/pdf/17_EC8-ReLUIS.pdf
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. Binda, A. Saisi, I.A.E. de Vent, R.P.J. van Hees, S. Naldini, Structural Damage in Masonry in Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, Editore: Aedificatio Publishers, Anno edizione: 2010, ISSN: 1864-7251, Fascicolo: vol. 16, n. 2
Note:

I.A.E. de Vent, S. Naldini, R.P.J. van Hees, L. Binda, A. Saisi, Definition of Structural Damage Patterns: a Structural Damage Atlas, Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, Bauinstandsetzen und Baudenkmalpflege, vol. 16, n. 3, 2010, pp. 167-18

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaFiorani, Donatella, Restauro architettonico e strumento informatico : guida agli elaborati grafici, Editore: Liguori, Anno edizione: 2004, ISBN: 8820735938
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaSchumann, I. and others, Damage atlas : classification and analyses of damage patterns found in brick masonry , Editore: European Commission, Anno edizione: 1998, ISBN: 3816747027
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaCamuffo Dario, Havermans John, Fassina Vasco, Basic environmental mechanisms affecting cultural heritage, Editore: Nardini, Anno edizione: 2010, ISBN: 9788840443348
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaL. BARONIO, G. BINDA, The durability of masonry in aggressive environments and techniques for conservation and protection, Editore: Caithness : Whittles, Anno edizione: 2006, ISBN: 1870325583
Note:

in: Durability of materials and structures in building and civil engineering, editors Yu, C. W. and Bull, John W.

Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaJokilehto, Jukka, A History of Architectural Conservation, Editore: Butterwort/Heinemann, Anno edizione: 1999 http://iccrom.org/pdf/ICCROM_05_HistoryofConservation00_en.pdf
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaA. Saisi, additional references will be distributed during the semester
Risorsa bibliografica obbligatoriaeditors S. Musso, L. De Marco, Teaching Conservation/Restoration of Architectural Heritage , Anno edizione: 2008, ISBN: 2-930301-35-X http://www.enhsa.net/downloads/2007proceedings/EAAE38lowres.pdf
Note:

Proceedings of the Conference supported by EC in the framework of the Socrates Programme

Risorsa bibliografica facoltativade la Torre, Marta, editor, Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage: Research Report, Editore: Editore: The Getty Conservation Institute, Anno edizione: 2002 http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/assessing.pdf

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lezione
65.0
esercitazione
46.0
laboratorio di progetto
72.0

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Note Docente
schedaincarico v. 1.6.8 / 1.6.8
Area Servizi ICT
21/09/2021